Name of Professor Alexander the Great and Hellenism The Hellenistic civilization which dominated the empire of Alexander the Great was unique from the Hellenic civilization which had thrived in the territories invaded by Philip of Macedon…
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This essay discusses the influence of Alexander the Great on Hellenistic society, economy, culture, and arts. Alexander’s Life and War When Alexander the Great’s father, Philip of Macedon, died in 336 B.C., he immediately occupied the throne. Through his mentor Aristotle, Alexander largely appreciated Greek culture. He was fascinated by the Homeric epics. He was inspired by the heroic achievements and determination of the characters, especially Achilles (Pollitt 1986, 271). But Alexander, just like these Homeric heroes, also possessed remarkable leadership and military abilities which he inherited from his father. Alexander also took over his father’s major state plan, which was the ultimate defeat of Persia. This mission fuelled the daring character of Alexander. Alexander was a student of Isocrates, an orator who supported a campaign against Persia to unify the Greeks within a single objective (Burn 1948, 11-12). Philip had planned to defend his ownership of Greece by preventing the advance of Persia to Asia Minor; but his son, who was very ambitious, sought to invade the whole Persian kingdom. Leading a massive army in 334 B.C., Alexander passed through Asia Minor, and finally moved forward to India. Because of his excellent military, leadership, and strategy skills, Alexander’s armed forces had built an empire which extended from Greece to India. After Alexander’s reign, the world had never been the same again. His adventures and conquests introduced Eastern and Western cultures to each other (Curtis 2000, 66). Alexander himself contributed to this massive change, whether purposely or unintentionally. He married a Persian woman, encouraged the intermarriage between his soldiers and Asian women, and enlisted Persian soldiers into his army. He built city-states in Asia, where Greek immigrants intermarried with the local peoples (Perry 2012, 616). But, as argued by Pollitt (1986), even though Alexander was not able to bring all the peoples and cultures together in a world-state, his conquests drove the world in a new path, toward a union of diverse populations and the mixing together of cultures. Alexander’s conquest was indeed the driving force for the advancement of the Hellenistic culture all over the Near East and western Mediterranean. His conquest also created the foundation for the establishment of Christianity, the Roman Empire, and other major features of Western history. The Influence of the Expedition of Alexander the Great on Hellenistic Culture The era of cosmopolitan culture and global interaction emerged after the semi-Hellenized Philip of Macedon had tore down the self-rule of city-states, and Alexander had invaded the Persian kingdom. In 332 B.C.E., Alexander conquered Palestine, then Egypt; and since then the situation of the Jewish people was transformed. The objective as well as the impact of Alexander’s achievements was to bring the East and the West together intellectually and politically. Nationalistic sentiments were barely shown by the peoples of Eastern societies, except for the Jewish and Persian people (Skelton & Dell 2009, 93, 26). Nationalism was growing weaker among the Greeks. Alexander aspired to create a remarkable mixture of knowledge in a global empire, which, through a grouping of local cultures and racial superiorities in a bigger and wider political sphere, should promote arts and knowledge and spread the Hellenic
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Secretary of the Treasury is presented as a general introduction to him as well as the research paper. II. Early Life: A. Family This section deals with the early life of Alexander Hamilton concerning his family and parents. B. B. Living Area The living are of Alexander Hamilton’s early life is introduced.
During his time in power he was given many titles, one of the most renowned ones is Alexander the Blessed. Alexander 1 served as the Emperor of Russia from 1801 to 1825. He was also the king of Poland from 1815 to 1825. Alexander was born to Paul 1 the emperor of Russia at the time.
He was met by some 40,000 Persian infantry plus cavalry. In a surprise attack, Alexander commanded his men to cross the river at dawn and attack the Persians which led to their defeat. In this particular battle we see Alexander’s decision as commander result in victory for the Greeks and also the respect of his men as he fought in the battle in which he almost lost his life twice.
However, one of the more messages of Pope's criticism, is that literary genres are not fixed and static, rather, they intertwine and mix with others. Shakespeare might have been writing with 'tragedy' as a form, but his knowledge of Julius Ceasar, all of the King Henry's or King Richards, was unquestionably informed by the genre of history writing.
The word ‘great’ did not attribute all the rulers but a few who actually deserved the title. Alexander III (356- 323 B.C.) was the great ruler who deserved the term very well. Alexander has to his credit being tutored by the great philosopher Aristotle. The impact of the teachings of Aristotle came into be effective in his later life as the conqueror
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At the time, most Greek artists were profoundly motivated by virtues of simplicity, harmony, reason, restraint or form, and proportion which governed their craftsmanship in the extensive creations of art under well-known fields of artistry in Greek history being the vase painting, nude sculpture, and elaborate architecture.
In the discussion, the study will examine three cultural exchanges.
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