The 2011 to 2012 Arab uprising was not a surprise to many observers who argue that sustainability of status quo is impossible. The trends witnessed in North Africa through Middle East have led many critics to explore the political trends in these countries. …
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It is evident that the political system in these countries promoted dictatorial regimes, which promoted corrupt practices because of little checks and balances from the greater citizens. History records that attempts t institute democracy in these countries failed to take shape in the past, but this did not deter determined Islamic organizations such as Muslim Brotherhood from plotting attempts to replace the dictatorial regimes. The wave swept from the Tunisian coast to Bahrain and currently in Syria. While it is evident that modern system of communication played a vital role in influencing the views of the people towards making an informed opinion against these regimes, many critics believe that the uprising was a time bomb that would explode at sometime in history.
Majority of Egyptians have demonstrated through interviews that the urge to change the political regime propelled the revolt. The Egyptians Arab spring began as an activists protest against the oppressive regime of President Hosni Mubarak. Critics to the Egyptian Arab spring have mentioned that the spring was not new in Egypt; however, it involved the ordinary citizens that had never streamed into the street a decade ago (Gelvin 26). Protest against Mubarak regime addressed political interest, with the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamic movement playing a crucial role in previous protest (Council on Foreign Relations 125). Muslim Brotherhood activists had taken a center role in influencing the Egyptians communities to reject the Mubarak regime in the past and failed. The Egyptian government had outlawed Muslim Brotherhood alongside other activist movement that intended to create political change. Not surprisingly, the precedent of the Egyptian Arab Spring borrowed a lot from the fallen Tunisian Ben Ali regime, which was subject to mass protest. The Egyptian protest started on 25 January and took 18 days before the then president relinquish power (Council on Foreign Relations 125). The structure of the Egyptian Arab Spring embraced peaceful demonstration with thousands of Egyptians coming out in large numbers, boycotting their activities, praying and chanting change of regime in Tahrir Square. However, the Egyptian government tried to use military force to repress the Arab Spring, but failed. The solidarity of the Egyptian people and the peaceful nature of the protest contributed greatly to its success. It is important to acknowledge the role of media in influencing the people. Face book was critical to the success of the movement because most people responded positively to face book messages that attracted to the protest (Council on Foreign Relations 123). Previously, Egyptian media controlled the activities of the journalists as well as oppressing journalist that were against the government. Information dissemination in the society is a powerful tool that can shape a political course. It is apparent that police and other military officers battered protestor at the beginning of the protest, Mubarak officers dressed in plain cloths posed as protestors and whipped people out the Tahrir Square, but failed to secure success because of the determination of whole public. The uprising in the Arab world had youthful characters that represented western lifestyle as opposed to the Arab lifestyle. Historians argue that the youthful cohort
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Will the Protests Known as the “Arab Spring” Bring Democracy to the Middle East? The Arab Spring is a movement of protestors in the Arab world, which began on December 2010. The revolutionary protests have forced four leaders from different countries out of power.
The special situation which was created due to the immense international involvement is also taken into consideration and the role played by cell phones and internet in this regard is identified. Social media played the role of leadership in the revolution by helping in organizing and directing protests.
It is being argued that social media have ignited a fire that has been experienced by the Arab world and now has entered the politics of Tunisia and Egypt. The rise of independent and vibrant social media has witnessed a profound change across the regions – from Morocco to Bahrain.
The on-going phenomenon of Arab Spring is also popularly known as ‘Arab Awakening’. The revolution was instigated in Tunisia on 18th December 2010 on the basis of repeated police assault charges which were further accused to hamper the democratic interests of the community.
Traditionally, Arabs had to depend on their state news service for news, which they felt was biased and supported only by the authoritarian government. The formation of this network began at a time when most of the Arab citizens had lost faith in their local news coverage and were in need of a station that would air and report on happenings in the Arab nations independently and professionally, without interference from the government.
Durac is of the opinion that long-standing regime of Ali Abdullah al-Salih of Yemen represented a classic case of authoritarian upgrading. The Yemen’s political system masked the extent to which the president exerted control through a network of informal alliances and, in recent years, external support and patronage.
The author states that these events started taking place in Tunisia and they spread through Egypt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, and currently, they are happening in Syria. The Arab Spring has seen the fall of several autocratic regimes whose toppling has surprised many in the world. The Arab Spring brought with it many positive outcomes.
Critics have developed various arguments against the Arab Springs with respect to the impacts that it has on the energy sector. Most Arab countries are principal oil and gas producers in the international market. During the Arab Spring, the global oil market experienced price shock, which is a feature of the civil unrest.
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