A monarchy is defined as the supreme power vested on the monarch held by a single person. Monarchs usually have different titles such as king, queen, duke, majesty, emperor and sultan among many other titles…
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There is no body of laws to govern the conduct of the monarch, therefore few or no legal constraints to their conduct. He or she is the head of government and state. Most absolute monarchs justify it by claiming they have divine rights to the throne. In the twentieth century most absolute monarchs could not withstand the wave of opposition from the people who regarded them as defeated and outdated, because of the failure of political and economic systems, which fell apart, under their rule. In the twenty first century, most absolute monarchs exist in the Arab world. They have managed to stay relevant because they have allowed technological and scientific advancement into their territories. Religion has also played a major role; hence their societies have remained relatively conservative. In theory absolute monarchs have unlimited powers, however in practice, their powers are curtailed by political leaders from other social classes such as nobility and clergy. Modern examples of absolute monarchs are Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Swaziland. Napoleon Bonaparte is considered as a successful absolute monarch who ruled France in the sixteenth century. This was important for France at that particular time because the country was in chaos as people did not follow the rule of law and the nobility controlled the state finances. An absolute monarchy was seen as the only way out. Most countries saw a decline in absolute monarchies because they became republics after civil unrests in the nineteenth century such as the French revolution. Constitutional monarchy is also referred to as limited monarchy. The monarch is bound by the constitution of the land, which can either be unwritten or written. In constitutional monarchs, the monarch is the head of the state, a position acquired through heritance or marriage, while, a prime minister elected through a democratic process is the head of government. The powers held by this type of monarch vary from country to the other. Most constitutional monarchs exist in western European countries. Examples of constitutional monarchs include United Kingdom, Japan, Sweden, Belgium and Thailand. Governance functions fall on politicians, while monarchs perform ceremonial duties and are usually perceived as a unifying symbol of a country .This century has forty four independent monarch states of which sixteen have Queen Elizabeth of England, as their head of state. The monarch usually provides continuity because, even as heads of government change, monarchs retain their positions. Most existing constitutional monarchs in this century perform ceremonial duties and usually seen as a continuation of a country’s traditional systems, and a symbol of unity. This role was witnessed in Austria in 1977, where, there was a deadlock in the parliament. The monarch replaced the prime minister and budget proceeding went on uninterrupted. It should be noted that the monarch is neutral in political matters. The powers vested on monarchs vary from country to another, for example in Sweden the monarch is only ceremonial and in United Kingdom, the queen is the head of the armed forces. The head of constitutional monarchs are usually a male or female; however in a monarch such as the principality of Monaco, powers will be transferred to France if no male heir is born. Japan and Thailand are the monarchs with the largest population of subjects. This type of monarch is good for the people because it protects the civil rights of the
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During this time, invasion by foreigners was common, and one especially strong example of this was that of the Germanic tribes. In Western Europe, the warring Germanic tribes fought for possession of territory and power, while in the East a semblance of the Roman Empire remained, known as Byzantine to historians, but with many strong similarities to the empire.
Canada should End its Constitutional Ties to the Monarchy Since the Confederation of the Canadian nation in 1867, a fierce debate has been raging whether Canada should dissolve its constitutional ties to the monarchy or whether it should continue to retain them.
A good society must not threat it’s inhabitant in any way and should enable them to live in harmony with each other. A good society must also give opportunity to its members to flourish and develop personally and professionally. They should be provided with a healthy environment to sustain and should be given freedom to participate in political processes.
The middle age is the period in European history that started in 5th century and lasted until the 15th century. This era is marked with the collapse of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the renaissance or discovery age.e ages on the society.
As a result of this, when one considers the way that the Carolingian Empire contributed to the rise of France as its modern interpretation, clear parallels can be drawn to the way in which the Carolingian Empire has directly influenced and laid the groundwork for what would be a modernist interpretation of France as a construct of Middle Ages Europe and beyond.
The life of the royals was ravishing whereas the commoner's life during the Dark Ages focused on a strict routine, and revolved their agricultural schedule. Agricultural played a very important role in their lives therefore a lot of attention was given to it.Social activities were looked forward by every common man.
I spent my life traveling around the Mediterranean Basin selling wares and thus learned many of the languages of this area which bestrides both Christendom and Islam. The following are excerpted entries of my personal diary. May they teach you something of my life
It was a very important cultural movement which highly affected the daily life of the Europeans. It changed the lifestyle of the people. Three dimensional paintings and drawings were introduced in this era which made them look more
The medieval era can be divided into three periods including “the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages. Like the Middle Ages itself, each of these three periods lacks hard and fast parameters”. The Early Middle Ages are also called as Late Antiquity. This period started in the 3rd century and continued till the 7th century.