This research will begin with the presentation of some of the definitions of political ideology. This research presents brief report of such political ideologies as Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Totalitarianism, Authoritarianism and Federalism…
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This essay explores the political ideologies. The word Conservatism has been used both in an ordinary way and also in technical usage. Ordinary idea is focused on conserving something or keeping something intact. While the technical use is a bit complicated. The followers of Conservatism belief that its human nature to be conservative at times, we all want to stick to our own old culture and traditions and don’t prefer a change usually. Conservative ideas, as proposed by its allies are prevalent everywhere in our life and not just politics. Liberalism is the most complicated and obscure of all ideologies. Liberalism is associated with many kinds of moral values. These values include liberty, progress, individualism, and tolerance which have been linked with liberalism since the pre-historic era. Liberalism has been linked to philosophical thoughts because of its generosity of spirit, openness, and tolerance. Political users of liberalism view it as a source of freedom of media and worldly constitution. This term was first used in Spain and then it was spread all across Europe. Socialism is derived from a Latin ‘sociare’ whose literal meaning is to share or combine. It further succeeded to fellowship or companionship. It is a consensual contract between freemen. Socialism believes in a society in which there are liberated contracting individuals and rule of law state. The idea of socialism is based upon populus (sovereignty of people). It beliefs that people have the right to decide the best for themselves and collectively they can form a well established social society. (Vincent, A. (2009) Marxism Marxism and Communism are both a mixture of theory and practice. Marxism is the theoretical approach, and Communism deals with practicing Marxism. Karl Marx was the founder of Marxism. The believers of Marxism have always linked it with sacred thoughts and sacred beliefs and with Bible. Marx formulates a sphere of life in which human beings should be aware of their activities. They should have a control over their life activities, what they do and how they do it. Human beings are so preoccupied with pity activities of their life such as endless rules and regulations and oppressive and deceitful economy that they forget the divinely attributes of life. Marxism refurbishes those concepts. (Eatwell, R., & Wright, A. (1993). Fascism The term Fascism is derived from the Latin word ‘fasces’ which means bundles of rods which are bonded together to show the unity and parity of a nation. This political concept deals with unity and how strength is derived from being united. It is taken from the Roman Empire as it used to be the custom of Roman consuls to take decisions based on harmony. Fascism has suffered bad reputation in Europe during the past decades and is not as popular as other political ideologies. (Vincent, A. (2009) Totalitarianism Totalitarian concept urges that societies and nations can be controlled via the use of terror. They can be terrorized to follow the rules and regulations of the state. The Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Soviet Union and also the Taliban Afghanistan in recent times have used this concept to rule their countries. It is based upon dictatorship, tyranny, using political power arbitrarily, allowing the minimal
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“Political Ideologies Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1394371-political-ideologies.
Author argue that evidence suggest that those organizations which have also actively took part in the electorate process along with keeping their original ideologies of terrorism gradually evolved into peaceful organizations as they have to answer to divergent views of the voters in order to gain their confidence.
Though in most cases Fascism is regarded as an ideology. Analyst has critically looked it with the criterion of what ideology is and have cited several faults in fascism to qualify to be an ideology. Fascism is regarded as being devoid of coherency and cogency but a collection of ill-assorted ideas that lacks systematic ideological issues.
While this is basic concept understood by leaders globally, the political representation remains relatively lower in most parts of the world. The trend is different in Asia as the continent produced some of the first female leaders. In 1990 for example, Sri-Lanka the first democratically elected female president in the world.
During less contentious times political philosophies are not as noticeable but contentious issues or events cause a reemergence of these deep-held feelings. Actions by the government during the Bush administration coupled with the election of the
Social interaction is cultivated by how power or authority is wielded through integration or adaptation of legitimate laws in democratic regime or by rules imposed by monarchical leaders to its constituents (Fred, 1978).
Postmodern political structure however gave rise to the
Moreover, it refers to a set of ideas that reflects the aspirations and social needs of a certain group, culture, an individual or a class. These two, the family and the family ideology, to a large extent influence the way an individual think, feel and act in the
thus effectively controlling the US Congress to some point up and until 1856.The Republican Party being one of the 2 main present-day political parties in the US is also referred to as the “Grand Old Party” (GOP) by the media even though it is not as old as the Democratic
Peoples’ sense of belonging is now keener than ever before. While people interact with the current changes in the world every day, their activities are majorly influenced by how they think about their nations and cultures. China and Japan have many things to share, but there are cultural differences that make the Chinese and Japanese people unique.
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