Nobody downloaded yet

Modern Political Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
An essay "Modern Political Theory" reports that the historic notion of natural law contended that there were specific moral elements that were universal to all members of the human race. The understanding is that these moral elements existed despite extraneous arrangements the individual had made…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
Modern Political Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Modern Political Theory"

Download file to see previous pages The understanding of natural law is that it necessarily distinguishes between laws of nature and those that have been artificially created by society, with the latter referring to the positive law. Locke understood that one of the main differentiating features between these is that natural law exists throughout all cultures, while a positive law is experienced only through specific social or governmental designations (Dunn). Another prominent consideration Locke made in regards to natural law was in relation to theological elements. Locke distinguished between religious law and natural law, as natural law is the law that emerges solely through the process of human reason and rationality. One recognizes that whereas natural law reveals itself to the individual through rationality, the religious law implies a divine revelation as the primary substantiation. For instance, while there are elements of the Ten Commandments that are recognized elements of the natural law, there are also elements that are not applicable to all humanity. In these regards, Locke’s understanding of natural law in relation to theology was the recognition that while there may be a divine entity that establishes laws that overlap with natural law, they are only considered natural law if they can be determined through human reason (Forde). Notably, Locke believed that when the Bible or religious principles went beyond or conflicted with the natural law they were improperly formulated; as such, Locke chose to interpret the Bible in accord with natural law. To a large extent, Locke’s perspective on natural law in relation to religious law is formulated within the voluntarism and intellectualism debate. While Locke highly emphasizes the importance of rational understanding to the establishment of natural law, he also makes a number of prominent statements that seemingly supports theological perspectives on social obligations. For instance, in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding Locke argues that laws need have an individual lawgiver. In the Essays on the Law of Nature, Locke argues that individuals have an obligation to abide by their creator (Forde). It seems that for Locke the question of natural law then becomes a voluntarist in regards to the reasons humans should follow natural law, but remains highly rationalistic in the means by which a perspective establishes what constitutes natural law. One must also consider Locke’s understanding of natural law as to whether he believed the predominant elements were rights or duties the individual must follow. It seems to a great degree most theorists believe that Locke’s notion of natural law is that it generally refers to aspects of human rights. In these regards, Locke is believed to have adopted a view of human nature that as motivated by hedonistic impulses. As humans are predominantly motivated by such self-interest the natural need for human self-preservation supersedes any types of duties by which humans might be restricted. Still, other theorists believe that Locke was also concerned with natural law as prescribing moral duties to humanity. To a degree, such a different appear semantic. Consider that argued that some of the core elements of the natural law were life, liberty, and property. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Modern Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1394093-modern-political-theory
(Modern Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words)
“Modern Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1394093-modern-political-theory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Political theory
In his time and concerning his immediate history, the great thinker Aristotle believed political thought was frustratingly struggling between two ideological entities and so he proposed a conjoined fetus, named polity. Its parents were democracy and oligarchy, and Aristotle was God giving birth to the new thought from the best parts of both and without the worst parts of either.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Political Theory
For instance, some common law statement, “mercy tampering with justice” may take the position of real justice. Alternatively, the certificate of authenticity of
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Pre-modern and Modern Political Philosophy
To my mind, protection of its citizens is the crucial ethical role that has to be performed by any State or Government. Further on in this essay, the main positions of the abovementioned philosophers are summarized and a personal position on the role of government is provided.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Political Theory
It entails the control of a republic or a state where the selection of the republic leader is by any other means apart from through heredity. Republicanism is popular among numerous individuals in the political discourses as the absence of a monarchy. In a republic, the people elect the leaders in charge of the government.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Political Theory
Of course, each political and financial system is based on a relative theory that produces ideology in all terms. Since 1789 with French Revolution, and until say 1989, with the chute of Communism in the Eastern bloc countries, there has been too many change in Europe mainly after Middle Ages and chute of feudalism.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Political Theory
The Communist Manifesto has been seen by some modern thinkers are a “landmark text coalescing the era’s vision for social change” (Krieger & Birn, 1998, p. 1698). Of course, the work is not roundly accepted, and seems to have been defeated in much of the world.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Political Theory
On the theoretical front, there are many proposals and underlying rationales for structuring the government in a variety of ways. As early as the seventeenth century, nearly a century before the French Revolution, the British political philosopher John
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Modern Political Ideologies Seminar Journal
This includes its defining characteristics, its substance, and the conditions under which it arises. Samuel Huntington (1957, p. 164) defined ideology as a system of ideas concerned with the distribution of political and social values and complied by
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Ancient and Medieval Political Theory
He noted the opinion held by Plato on aristocracy being the best form of government2, however mixed form of government was the most practical. However, this notion of
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Modern Political Theory
Machiavelli also describes the concept of human nature in his book “Prince”. The word person means a mask, actor or a disguise. The book Leviathan which is written by Thomas Hobbes differentiates between a natural person
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Modern Political Theory for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us