The US has always prided itself to be the vanguard of democracy.In its Constitution it is stated that the purpose of government is to “form a more perfect Union,establish justice, insure domestic tranquility,provide for the common defence,promote the general welfare"…
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in Smith 125). More than its military might, the real power of the US lies in its high moral ground in defending civil liberties and the rule of law at home and abroad. With this consistent posturing, the US government gets high support from the American public and the international community, cementing its appearance of invincibility and making its citizens feel secure against any external threat. However, this long-held belief was eroded when Osama Bin Laden’s Al-Qaeda unprecedentedly attacked the symbols of US power in New York City, Washington D.C. and Shanksville, Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001. This shocked the world and inflicted harm against the US far beyond its number of casualties and destroyed properties, as it had created deep fear of insecurity among Americans, exposing the vulnerability of the world’s super power. In reprisal, the Bush administration immediately launched its international war against terror not simply to expunge terrorism but most importantly to pacify and bring back the myth of US invincibility to the American public that for many decades had made them feel secure and superior. Unfortunately, the result had been the opposite. In its war against terror, the US has unwittingly stripped off itself of its real hegemonic motives and exposed its total disregard to civil liberties, inevitably reversing the American public and international support into condemnation. Bush’s full military offensive against terrorism had been a backlash, not only against his administration but against America. II War Justification and Motives The 9/11terrorist attack on the US soil served the Bush administration in two important ways that would later unmask the US government to its own people and to the world. First, it served as warning that the American public is no longer safe in their own land, which created in them deep fear of insecurity to the point of paranoia. This called for a review on US foreign policy sharpening the view that US hegemony might have been creating and fuelling anti-US sentiments giving terrorists reason to attack America – a view that although not new was not given much thought before, much more by the American public. Second, this had become an opportunity to send America to war, as the fragile state of the American public was carefully manipulated to conveniently justify a war that Bush and his cowboys found decisive in insuring the strategic positioning and in imposing the US hegemonic interest in the Middle East. Never before had there been an attack attempted against the US on its own soil that was as bold and sophisticated as the bombing of the World Trade Center and Pentagon. This did not simply shock the world but had created in the American public the deep fear of insecurity, seeing that international terrorism had grown into a potent enemy capable of harming even the most formidable nation in the world. Meaning, nothing is seemingly safe against international terrorism and that America was no longer a safe place to live in. This thought sent a chilling effect on Americans, especially those living conveniently in their homes. Opportunely, too, the Al-Qaeda had been so easily transformed into a new enemy of the world replacing the collapsed communist Soviet Union. Thus the neo-conservatives in the Bush administration had created a convincing myth to push for their long desired war in the Middle East without much opposition. (Shah 6) The magnitude of the casualty and the sophistication of the tactic employed by Al-Qaeda in 9/11 attack had really shaken not only
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The current war in Iraq and Afghanistan saw the return of the United States military in the gulf war since they successfully drove out Saddam Hussein illegal occupation of Kuwait in early 1990’s. The period between the first gulf war has witnessed many changes in the military. The changes include the application of more advanced technology.
Same is the case with the Iraq invasion under the United States and the coalition of 49 countries that started in March 20, 2003. The Iraq war, also called, Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, or Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US military, was alleged on the grounds of various accusations against Iraq.
The armed conflict was divided into two phases, the first starting on 20th March, 2003 marked by the US invasion of Ba'athist Iraq (Hinnebusch, 2006). The second phase was marked with prolonged confrontation leading to emergence of rebel group fighting against coalition forces headed by the United States and the new Iraqi government after the dethroning of former Iraq president Saddam Hussein.
Iraq is located in the western part of Asia and it shares a border with Jordan, Iran Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Syria. It has a small coastline of 58 kilometres. Baghdad is the countries largest city and it plays the role of being its capital city with a population of 30,399,572. The other large cities of Iraq include Basra, Mosul, Kirkuk and Irbil.
Several scholars and international analysts have explored some of the intentions as to why United States invaded Iraq, even without UN approval, yet US is a UN member state. One of the most debated reasons for 2003 invasion was to revenge against Iraq following the Washington’s September 11 bombing.
the Nobel Laureate, Joseph Stiglitz have concentrated on the costs (hidden and direct) on the economy, others like Ron Suskind have looked at the way in which the war shaped the polity. This paper is divided into three sections; each with its emphasis on one particular facet. I
Up to date neither the United Nations nor the US- led forces have found any weapons of mass destruction. Thus, Iraq became the forefront of political debate and controversy. The Iraqi conflict can be argued upon many dimensions, but for the purpose of this study, paradigms, or basic frameworks, of International Relations will be reviewed and analyzed.
This paper would seek to analyze the positive impact that the media has had in terms of how the Media Supported Soldiers and their Family during Deployments Iraq and Afghanistan to and since 9/11. The media is a source of information and the way it played a key role in depicting the key role played by the US in the war on terror resulted this war gaining immense support from different regions and established a positive image of the US's achievements worldwide.
Throughout his time in power, he deliberately violated almost all the United Nations laws that pertained to his country, and mocked those who effort to control his aggressive actions. But in attacking Iraq, the United States has behaved little improved than the influential villain Saddam Hussein.
According to Congressional research service, congress has approved $1.283 trillion of American tax payer money for military operations, base security reconstruction and other strategic objectives in the mission undertaken after the 9/11 attacks (Belasco).
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