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Democracy and Development - Research Paper Example

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Introduction At the turn of the century there was much written about the origin of the "new economy" based not on the production of material goods, and upon receipt, storage, handling, but on the transfer and use of information. Post-industrial type of society is characterized not only by the widespread use of science and technology, but also by the improvement of technology itself on the basis of the development of fundamental science…
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Democracy and Development
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Download file to see previous pages        Globalization has become the dominant factor in the development of civilization of the world in the XXI century. Globalization is the process of market-driven, rather than government forces. Globalization is a fusion of national economies into a single, global system based on ease of movement of capital, on transparency, on the technological revolution. The contours of global consolidation are business in the distant future. In this context, the role of national states to regulate economic and social processes will continue for many years.( Acemoglu,Robinson 2006) A testament of the nation-state activity is the activity of the "Group of Eight" - the U.S., UK, France, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan, Russia. At its annual meeting of leaders of the "Group of Eight" the global economy is discussed, poverty and wealth, and environmental problems. In the past three years, the leaders of the "Group of Eight" discussed the issues of nuclear security and disarmament, international terrorism. Polar position in relation to a group of rich countries have the least developed countries (LDCs). Since the beginning of the 70s that number had increased to 40 in 1986. The countries LDCs are characterized by extremely low standard of living. Geographically, the majority of poor countries are a countries in Asia and Africa. But a number of states in Asia managed to make significant progress. In 80-90s were often mentioned the so-called Asian dragons (Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Brunei, Singapore, Malaysia). A whole group of Asian and African countries can not escape from the clutches of poverty. Among these countries there are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Gambia, Djibouti, Mali, Tanzania, Togo, Chad, Ethiopia, etc. The question of Romania and Poland After the Revolution of National Salvation Front, led by Ion Iliescu, took partial multi-party democratic arrangements and the free market. There were revived several major political parties, of the pre-war era, such as the Christian-Democratic National Peasants, the National Liberal Party and the Romanian Social Democrat Party. After several major political rallies, in April 1990, a protest sit-in, challenging the results of the recent parliamentary elections began in University Square, Bucharest accusing the Front to be composed of former Communists and members of the Securitate. The protesters did not recognize the election results, considering them as undemocratic and requested exclusion from the political life of former high-ranking participants of the Communist Party. The protest quickly grew to become an ongoing demonstration (known as Golaniad). Peaceful demonstrations deteriorated into violence, and strong intervention of miners from Jiu Valley has led to what is remembered as the June 1990 Mineriad. (Iliescu, Tismaneanu 2006) Subsequent decay of the Front has made several political parties including the Romanian Democrat Social Party (later the Social Democratic Party), Democratic Party, and (the Union for Romania). First Romania run from 1990 until 1996 through several coalitions and governments with Ion Iliescu, and as head of state. Since then there have been three democratic changes of government: in 1996, the democratic-liberal opposition and its leader Emil Konstentinesku took power, in 2000 the Social Democra ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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