Illegal Immigration into the USA: The Unsung Benefits Name Institution Illegal Immigration in the USA: The Unsung Benefits The issue of illegal immigration into the US is a much highlighted and decried one, with the media and other sources being quick to point out the statistics…
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For a nation made and flourished by immigrants and rightfully admired by immigrants from across the globe, it is quite paradoxical to mistreat and exploit modern-day immigrants. The unfortunate and negative connotation associated with immigration in the US is also observed to further degrade the lives of Native Americans, African-Americans and Chicanas (Moreno, 2004). These groups are treated as lesser citizens in their own country and sometimes forced to go through the shame of being stereotyped as illegal citizens (Hernandez, 2009). Amidst all these immigration negativity, it is observed that illegal immigrants do have positives especially in regards economic and political considerations. This study will provide a background on the issue of illegal immigration in the US in terms of current immigration policy and the Bracero Program, before discussing the costs and benefits that illegal immigration brings to the nation. The study will be based on the premise that illegal immigration is beneficial to the United States. Background According to the CBO (2006), US immigration policy is anchored on three goals. The first is to reunite families through admission of immigrants who already have family members living in the US. Secondly is to admit skilled labor in order to meet projected labor shortages and lastly to provide refuge to people in risk of political, religious or racial persecution in their home countries. These three goals are the result of evolution of the nation’s immigration policy over time. In terms of illegal immigration, the law defines such individuals as unauthorized aliens who enter the US without legal documentation or who overstay their temporary visa requirements. The policy of dealing with such individuals is through apprehension either at the point of entry or within the US. it has been argued that failure to devise sound and sustainable immigration policy has resulted in the weakening of the American economy, jeopardy of diplomacy and threats to national security (Council on Foreign Relations, 2009). Such views have led to the mistreatment and stigmatization of illegal immigrants in a seemingly nationwide anti-immigration discourse. A look into the efficacy of the current apprehension, repressive and exclusionary policy by the US on illegal immigration indicates that it has largely failed to tackle the issue and instead fueled the anti-immigration sentiments in the population which are more sensationalist-driven rather than fact-based. Border repression and exclusion have temporary prevented illegal immigrants from returning to their countries with particular reference to Mexico, which has contributed to the “problem”, while at the same time leading to increased sophistication and criminalization of illegal immigration. More importantly, it has led to increased aloofness to illegal immigrants by the natives, which is manifested through extreme attention to the issue and vilification of immigrants based on their presumed economic costs at the expense of citizens effectively transforming the issue into an alleged national emergency (Arnold, 2011). The key to understanding the cost/benefit debate and taking a position on it is through analyzing the 1942-1964 Bracero Program which allowed Mexican nationals to work temporarily in agricultural fields, in the US, following laws and diplomatic agreements between the US and
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Furthermore, it is anticipation that this fence will enable the government to provide more employment opportunities to the US citizens that have been criticizing the government due to worsened economic conditions and increment in unemployment rate of the country.
This is a privilege. Immigration law does not take priority over criminal law; however, in many instances the two tend to overlap each other. Immigrants facing criminal convictions should realize that depending on the nature of the crime committed that they can and will be deported to their country of birth.
The Industrial Revolution was also a factor as millions came to the United States to build new lives and in spite of the variety of cultures living together, most were willing to work hard and get along with others. However, illegal immigration is problematic for the country and is most commonly a result of border migration in both Texas and California as it impossible to guard the entire border line.
Economic contribution made by illegal immigrants 1. Consonance with market trends 2. Tax contributions II. Immigration to the US A. US as an immigration friendly nation B. Hardships faced by illegal immigrants C. Need to analyze economic contribution of illegal immigrants III.
In addition to cultural diversity, the immigrants have had a profound effect on the population growth, employment and wages of the native population. The state has recorded a higher population growth in the recent years after taking into account the births by immigrant mothers.
The paradigm of symbolic interactionism would be the best theory for this topic. Immigration is an issue of great interest world over conceivably because of its perceived effects on society. In essence, there is no region in the world where immigration does not influence social and political discourse.
Over the years, prosperous countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and the United States have been attracting immigrants in large numbers (Muwonge 10). This situation is attributed to the fact that such countries have better social, economic, and political environments that are more favorable for living and have more opportunities than the immigrants’ countries of origin.
use of the border between the United States and Mexico. According to Wasem (2010), the current proportion of foreigners residing in the U.S. has reached approximately 12.6% of the national population with about 10.8 million of these residing illegally. Immigration reform is a term popular within the political circles relating to changes in the immigration policy.
The social, political, and economic elements of immigration have resulted in controversy concerning economic benefits, ethnicity, crime, voting behaviors, settlements pattern and jobs for the immigrants. The first naturalization policy in the US was the naturalization act of 1790, which confined naturalization to free, and liberal white people of sound and good behaviors or moral who had stayed in the US for two years and had kept their current state of stay for not less than a year.
In addition to earning a decent livelihood, family reunification and political turmoil in their home country are reasons why people leave their abode and immigrate to the U.S. The attractiveness of the U.S. acts as a gravitational force not
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