This paper enlightens such aspects as: The Rational Actor Model is unrealistic and therefore of little use in the analysis of foreign policy-making”. Critically assess this claim using the example of the Cuban missile crises. Evaluate the impact of re-unification on Germany’s foreign policy. Assess the impact of political change and instability on Russia’s foreign policy. …
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According to Rational Actor Model, the government is seen as a unitary actor and policy making is done keeping in mind the cost and benefit analysis. This model assumes that policy makers are faithful and execute their role with full justice. This model is unrealistic because it is logical and asses policy on basis of cost and not on its ulterior motive and subject value. In this model, the investigation is made to understand the rational thinking of the person involved in policy making. As per (Zakiuum,2009)“The Rational Actor Model is used to understand the decisions that a nation-state or organization makes”. In Rationale Actor Model the goal and objective of a country is analyzed primarily. In Cuban missile crisis, Russian president installed nuclear missile in Cuba to defend Cuba from Unites States. The objective of then U.S. president Kennedy was to obstruct communism in the western region. Kennedy has attempted to overthrow Castro and his government many times but was unsuccessful. In this Cuban missile crisis, Kennedy wanted maximum to avoid a nuclear war which was on a brink of happening. He analyzed many options but decided blockade of Cuba as it would initiate a positive response from Russia. “On October 20, 1962, President Kennedy directs implementing a military blockade on Cuba: a full "quarantine", preventing anything or anyone from going into or leaving Cuba".”(Marxist,2000).Here the cost of the policy is not taken in to consideration but the safety of United States was in mind of Kennedy. It is not necessary that always the political leaders will act in rationale manner as human mind is egoistic. 2. Evaluate the impact of re-unification on Germany’s foreign policy. The German re-unification was a treaty signed between two German states in October 3rd 1990 in Berlin. This event has shocked the world and triggered many chain of actions. The re-unification had a tremendous impact on allies of Germany as they thought things were happening too fast and the international security can be at risk. America and Great Britain assumed that Germany’s unwillingness to sign NATO membership even can create more trouble. According to the (Emabssy of ,2011)“United Germany’s integration in the foreign policy context was regulated under a separate treaty signed by the two German states and the four allied powers”. The new German policy implies a considerable shift in the country’s stand towards Europe and other foreign nations. As per (Hellman,2011)“These foreign policy self-image changes are extensive and profound, and pertain not only to the self-image of a small foreign policy elite, but that of the German public in general”. Being a unified country, Germany is more confident and is trying relentlessly for a permanent seat in U.N. Security council. Germany also participated in the “P5 plus Germany” which is comprised of U.N. security members to discuss about the nuclear activities of Iran. Germany has showed its self confidence in its relation with foreign nations especially with European Union and Afghanistan. Not only European Union is t he centre of German foreign policy but its allies with U.S. regarding NATO membership is strong. Germany as a unified nation also shares a close tie with Russia. 3. Assess the impact of political change and instability on Russia’s foreign policy. The Russian foreign policy is significantly affected by the internal political factors and the action of executive leader .While U.S governors visited foreign nations to promote business, Russian governor Tatarstan formulated his own laws regarding foreign investment and attempted to build alliances with UN and other international organization without the consent from central authority. In his article(Charap,2007)states that “
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Kennedy’s decisions in the Cuban Missile Crisis and how they related to the Soviet government led by Nikita Khrushchev. In viewing the State as a “rational actor” in this theory, foreign policy is created and enacted as it best serves the interests of the nation, a definition that may change depending on which administration is in power.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
The author states that foreign policy analysis focuses on the effects as well as causes of decision making on foreign policies and is conducted either in comparison or in specific case study. The analysis also derives much from the individual states desires and future aspirations. Foreign policies revolve around making rational decisions.
After the 9/11 New York terrorist attacks, the US government made a resolve, in 2001, on going to war with the terrorists group linked to the attacks in an attempt to eliminate terrorism and secure her borders from future terror threat. The tenth amendment on the US constitution permits the government to use force.
Though as a field of study it began only in the 20th century (Platzgraff) over the years, academic interest in the foreign policies of nations has increased. In the past century events World Wars, Cold War, development of economic blocs, globalization and liberalisation in international trade have profoundly affected the foreign policy of the nations.
The author concludes that democratization led to the establishment of a democratic system in many countries that lacked the facilitating factors such as high level of economic development and strong-identity based societal divisions. Unfortunately, the majority of these countries have tried to make democratization work without success
The author states that offering the support to the war against Iraq will facilitate a negative impression that will affect their relations. The government of France decided not to support the war against Iraq. The government of Iraq has vast barrels of oil and any state eyeing to benefit from better relations has no reason to support war.
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