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Causes and Effects of Obesity - Term Paper Example

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The author argues that obesity has been confirmed to be the number one cause of preventable death with ever-increasing incidences in both children and adults all over the world. In this respect, this paper examines the most notable causes and effects of obesity…
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Causes and Effects of Obesity
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Download file to see previous pages Obesity, a medical condition that results due to the excess accumulation of body fat (Ryan, 2011), is a major concern in the 21st century, especially due to the progressively shifting global lifestyles and attitudes; obesity has been blamed cited as the leading cause of a number of health issues in the populations, thereby reducing life expectancy of individuals accordingly.

Generally, when a person’s weight is way above their ideal body weight then they are described as being obese (Ryan, 2011); in the US alone, it has been projected that the obesity menace will largely influence average expectancy in the next few years (Caban et al, 2005). The issue of obesity is usually difficult to fathom, but recent establishments have linked the condition to both biological causes and physical factors; genes are the main biological cause of obesity, while lifestyle choices, inactive lifestyles, medical reasons, as well as diet are some of the causes.

Genetics has been blamed for obesity, especially in instances where it has been established that a number of genetic conditions such as the Prader-Willi syndrome are more likely to cause obesity; furthermore, studies have suggested that a number of inherited traits such as slow metabolism rate or humongous appetites are more likely to predispose individuals to obesity. Polymorphism in the types of genes that control appetite and metabolism explains the manner in which individuals may be genetically at risk of becoming obese. Closely related to the genetic argument is the inheritance or parental influence, which also plays a major part in encouraging obesity; studies across the world have proven that two obese parents are more likely to sire obese children since children copy the feeding habits of their parents. There are also some medical conditions that are linked to obesity such as Cushing’s syndrome that causes the excess production of steroid hormones, and the underactive thyroid gland, which inhibits the production of enough thyroid hormone. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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