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Brain Damage Can Provoke a Mental Disorder in the Military - Research Paper Example

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The article develops the assumption that brain damage or stress can provoke a mental disorder in the military. The aim of the study is to find the correlation between mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in reverting combat veterans…
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Brain Damage Can Provoke a Mental Disorder in the Military
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Download file to see previous pages The connections between mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were well documented by Pietrzak et al., after conducting a survey of 277 OEF/OIF veterans. These results showed that those who experienced MTBI in the past have developed PTSD later in their life.  The details and findings of this survey are given below.
A total of 277 OEF/OIF veterans completed the Connecticut OEF/OIF Veterans Needs Assessment Survey; 18.8% of the sample screened positive for MTBI. Compared with respondents who screened negative for MTBI, respondents who screened positive for MTBI were younger, more likely to have PTSD, more likely to report fair/poor overall health and unmet medical and psychological needs, and scored higher on measures of psychosocial difficulties and perceived barriers to mental health care. Injuries involving loss of consciousness were associated with greater work-related difficulties and unmet psychological needs. PTSD mediated the relationship between MTBI and all of these outcomes (Pietrzak et al., 2009).
The above results clearly establish the close relations between MTBI and PTSD. It is not necessary that all the people with PTSD may have experienced MTBI in their past life. At the same time, those who experience MTBI can most probably experience PTSD in the future. Sayer (2009) also upheld the findings of Pietrzak et al. “Recent reports indicate that the rate of PTSD and other psychiatric disorders in returning OIF/ OEF service members is similar to the rate of TBI and that 37 to 44% of those with possible MTBI may also have PTSD” (Sayer, 2009, p. 704). Even after tremendous advancements in science and technology, we still don’t have many ideas about the functioning of brain and memory. It is assumed that we have conscious memory and an unconscious or subconscious memory. Things which were stored in the subconscious memory can appear quite unexpectedly. In other words, MTBI can cause storing of some particular information in the subconscious memory which may appear later in the life of the person in the forms of PTSD. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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