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Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Research Paper Example

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This paper under the title "Drug and Alcohol Abuse" focuses on the fact that drugs cause more losses to the family, employer, and society than alcohol. Data gathering focused more on published literature such as scientific, official, and media documents…
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Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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Download file to see previous pages Drug and alcohol abuse can be considered a plague of modern society. Overuse of drugs and alcohol and their long-term use lead to addiction and dependence. Abuse of these substances can be seen in different age groups, the rich and poor, professional or jobless, street children or students (UNDCP 2). Both drug abuse and alcohol abuse have the negative impact upon the individual, the family, and society. UNDCP reported that drug use is generally higher among men than women, but a marked increase is observed in women as they join the workforce (United Nations International 7).
People use drugs for different reasons. They may take drugs to affect their thinking, feeling or behaviour (UNDCP 1). The three classes of drugs are the depressants (cause relaxation and relief, e.g. heroin, barbiturates), stimulants (enhances mental activity, e.g. amphetamines, cocaine, crack), and hallucinogens (causes delusion, euphoria, anxiety, e.g. marijuana, ecstasy, LSD (1). The drugs that cause a change in a person, called psychoactive drugs, include plant and plant extracts (e.g. cocaine from coca bush, heroin from opium poppies, marijuana from cannabis), and synthetic chemicals (e.g. ecstasy, LSD) (1).
There are risks identified that would lead a child or adolescent to drug abuse, and they are unstable temperament, lack of self-control, hostile behaviour, lack of attachment within the family, poor social skills, and associating with drug users (Preventing Drug Abuse 1). Children are prone to drug abuse during their transition stage, such as leaving the security of the home to go to school (1). In the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (reported by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration), it was shown that as young as 12 or 13 years old teens are already hooked to drugs (1). This indicates that these adolescents may have started taking drugs at an even earlier age (1). They begin using marijuana and shifted to other drugs while keeping with their tobacco and alcohol abuse (1). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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