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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: How Alcohol Affects Infants and Children - Term Paper Example

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"Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: How Alcohol Affects Infants and Children" paper presents the extent of how the effects are manifested is well documented and a summary of that. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a part of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder which is a set of genetic birth defects. …
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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: How Alcohol Affects Infants and Children
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Download file to see previous pages While we know that alcohol negatively affects the child before birth, the exact biological and chemical process is still being studied (Day, 1992).

Classified as ICD-9 and ICD-10 under the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a manifestation of permanent birth defects that are observed in the children of women who consume alcohol during pregnancy. As reported by Forrest and Florey (1991) as well as Day (1992), the level of consumption or the frequency of alcohol use while a woman is pregnant has an uncertain effect in the amount of damage that can be done to the fetus. Therefore, while the effects before birth are being studied, it becomes an important recommendation from the doctors and scientists who are working with FAS to tell all pregnant women to completely avoid alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

Researchers do know that alcohol is one of the substances that can cross the placental barrier and create problems for the infant child like low birth weight, facial deformities, damaged brain structure and even behavioral problems for young children. More than thirty years ago, researchers such as Jones and Smith (1975) understood the effects of FAS as permanent damage to the Central Nervous System of the infant. Later researchers found manifestations of such damage to show itself in children with primary cognitive or functional disabilities. These disabilities can show themselves as having a poor memory, impulsive actions, ADD, and limited reasoning abilities (Streissguth, 1997).

In fact, in later years these problems have also been linked to other, more severe, social problems such as the incidence of adolescents with FAS being on the wrong side of the law or being in trouble at school. They may also exhibit other mental health issues such as drug addiction or engage in other substance abuse (Streissguth, 1997).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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