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Diseases Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations - Term Paper Example

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The following paper under the title 'Diseases Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations' presents people who are being classified as being vulnerable, due to the disadvantages of income, socio-economic status, employment, and education…
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Diseases Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations
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Download file to see previous pages These factors have greatly influenced the incidence of diet-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type II diabetes. These diseases are now prevalent among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.
Lee et al (1994) investigated apparent per capita food and nutrient intake in six remote Australian Aboriginal communities. It was found that, in comparison to the rest of the Australian community, the intake of sugars and sweetened soft drinks were greater, and the intake of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables were much lower. Moreover, they found that white flour, white sugar, bread, and meat provided over half of the apparent total energy intake for the people of the Aboriginal communities. The high intake of refined carbohydrates and the high percentage of energy intake from meat with excessive visible fat may help to explain the prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. There is a real need for a program in these communities that will help people change their patterns of food consumption. A high fiber intake program is proposed to promote the consumption of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains in the Aboriginal population, in order to reduce diet-related diseases.
To improve nutrition and public health for all Australians, the Eat Well Australia (EWA) program has been developed by the Strategic Inter-Governmental Nutrition Alliance (SIGNAL) (National Public Health Partnership 2001). This action plan has been developed for all Australians, and the promotion of Indigenous health is also included; the companion document to the EWA program is the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition Strategy and Action Plan (NATSINSAP). The proposed high fiber intake program is intended to reinforce the importance of a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain products as outlined by the EWA program, and to improve the accessibility of these foods in remote and rural communities to meet the dietary needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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