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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Depression - Case Study Example

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 In the paper “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Depression,” the author provides the case study of 42-year-old Ruth, who is a known patient with chronic depression, referred for treatment. She has a history of depressive episodes for the preceding 20 years…
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Depression
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Download file to see previous pages However, currently, she has failed to respond to these drugs and options for electroconvulsive therapy were refuted for concerns of side effects. Ruth had found cognitive behavioral therapy to be useful in controlling her symptoms, although complete remission was not possible because Ruth stopped practicing those techniques after she stopped attending the psychotherapy sessions. In this essay, the role of cognitive behavioral therapy with reference to major-depressive disorder in Ruth with be discussed as a treatment option.
 Ruth suffers from MDD. Major depression disorder or MDD is a common mental illness that falls into the category of mood disorders. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV, 2000, diagnosis of MDD is made as in table-1. The symptoms indicative of MDD in Ruth are low mood, diurnal variation of mood, inability to experience pleasure in previously pleasurable activities, pessimistic thoughts about herself, the world and the future, excessive guilt, occasional suicidal ideation, loss of concentration and poor memory, loss of energy, loss of libido, hyperphagia and restricted physical and social activity.
 Depressed mood, irritability, low self-esteem, feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and guilt, decreased ability to concentrate and think, decreased or increased appetite, weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy, fatigue, or increased agitation, decreased interest in pleasurable stimuli (e.g., sex, food, social interactions) and recurrent thoughts of death and suicide
 MDD is a debilitating and complex psychiatric disorder that involves multiple neural circuits and genetic and non-genetic risk factors (Sahay et al, 2007). Whether environmental factors or genetic factors play a major role in the pathogenesis of MDD is still debated. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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