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Autism - Research Paper Example

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The following paper entitled "Autism" deals with this serious disease. It is mentioned here that autism is a behavioral disorder which has been a challenge to understand, diagnose and treat for many years. Notably, there is still no definite answer concerning the cause of autism. …
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Download file to see previous pages Autism is a behavioral disorder which is a central nervous system disease. Ozana et al (2003) call it an umbrella term for a wide spectrum of disorders which is sometimes referred to as the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The term Pervasive Developmental Disorder is also sometimes used. The disorder can range from the very mild form of Asperger’s Syndrome to the severe infantile form. Some of the characteristics described by Ozana et al include back and forth meaningless body movements, no attention being paid to conversations, ritualistic and obsessive behaviors and violent reactions to change. Phetnasuwan et al (2009) expand the description and describe autistic spectrum disorders as a group of five closely related neurobiological disorders, including Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Rhett’s Disorder. They describe three key areas of developmental problems in children with an autistic disorder- impairment in social interactions, severe delays or lack of language and communication skills, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. They point out that autism spectrum disorders are among the most “disabling and mystifying of all childhood developmental disorders because these individuals have an atypical pattern of development that affects multiple areas of functioning” (p. 206). This highlights the importance of understanding this disorder.
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