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West Nile Virus - Research Paper Example

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West Nile virus, a disease that was once identified to be associated with only few places around the world is today considered an epidemic because it has had a very wide scope of areas that it has spread to…
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West Nile Virus
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This has led to a situation where prevention strategies have been embraced in both literature and practice. For affected people however, various forms of management interventions are often used. In the current research work, the approach to what exists in literature is not much different. This is because the researcher seeks to use a population that is made up of patients of the disease who have been hospitalized in an identified health facility. There shall also be a group of respondents who are directly affected by the disease but stand the risk of being affected. For the former group, a more curative approach to intervention shall be sought, whiles a preventive intervention shall be prescribed for the latter group. The population is made up of people of both sexes, most of whom are in their 20s. Since only one hospital was used, it is expected that all the respondents will belong to the same cultural setting and from the state from which the study was conducted. The study is conducted using a quantitative research method. This means that there will be the use of primary data collection, which will involve the collection of specific numeric index outcomes about the population and the effect of the intervention on the population (Bernard and Kramer, 2001). The quantitative research method has been used in several instances, especially in cases where the approach to intervention is for curative management among people who have already been affected by the disease....
irst identifying a population of people who are both affected by the disease and at risk to contracting the disease, due to their exposure to risk factors associated with the disease. After identifying the population, the researcher shall make maximum use of available interventional solutions that exists for these people. The difference in approach for this study shall however be the introduction and use of best practices in the use of existing intervention. The rationale for this approach is that preliminary review conducted have showed that most of the existing interventions are effective in managing cases of West Nile virus but have failed in achieving desired solutions because best practice principles have not been followed in their application (Eldridge, 1987). At the end of the study, it is expected that a 2-tier outcome is going to be produced. The first of this would aid in enhancing the prevention of West Nile virus, while the second will focus on ways of reducing the effect of the disease on affected people. The researcher is also highly optimistic that existing gaps in literature; especially those that have to do with the application of best practices will be adequately filled at the end of this study. LITERATURE REVIEW Health Topic Through the review of existing literature, two major interventions were found as what has already been done in an attempt to addressing the issue of West Nile virus. These interventions can be categorized into preventive interventions and curative interventions (Asnis, 2002). A typical example of a preventive intervention was used by Wittich (2007), who is credited for the environmental predictive model for West Nile virus. In this model, specific risk factors that expose a group of people belonging to a particular population is ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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