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Saudi Ministry of Health strategy for Infection Control - Essay Example

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Saudi ministry of health strategy for infection control Name: Course: Professor: Institution: City and State: Date: 1. Introduction According to an article written by Memish (2002) infection control strategies in Saudi Arabia are still at their infancy. Mermish (2002) further observes that the infection control strategies are built around the concerns about the annual pilgrimage to Mecca…
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Download file to see previous pages This paper examines the Saudi’s Ministry of Health Strategy for infection control. 2. Background The hajj celebrations are one of the pillars of the Islam and each Muslim is mandated to take at-least one trip to Mecca in his or her lifetime. Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca is characterized by huge gatherings which retrace the footsteps of the Prophet Mohammed and undertake identical rituals. The attendants dress in Ihram clothing and travel to several spots including the Zamzam well, the plains of Arafat, Mount Safa and Mount Marwah (Pollard & Shlim, 2002). According to the available records, in 2008, 1.7 million pilgrims from 140 different countries attended the ceremony. The foreign pilgrims, most of who arrive by air, increase the imminent danger for international spread of infections during Hajj (Koch & Steffen 1994). The hajj celebrations are performed within different time periods, hence posing untold challenges to the organizers and the ministry of health (Memish & Ahmed, 2002). ...
e control strategy is supported by the available statistics which show that during the 2013 hajj season, accidents of cardiovascular diseases are quite common (Arbon, 2007). In addition, most recently, the country recorded the highest number of confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. To address these situations, the country has adopted a surveillance system to reduce the number of viral transmission incidences among the pilgrims, and Memish, Venkatesh, Ahmed (2003) recommend that such an initiative should be replicated in the country to serve a wider population. Furthermore, the company established the Global Center for Mass Gathering Medicine to address health challenges and promote cooperation between the international organizations and scientific centers. The strategy brings in the stakeholders such as the media whose main role is promote responsible reporting and prevent non-alarmist coverage. One of the key contributors involved in the infection control strategies, is the ministry of health which establishes the relevant policies each year based on the knowledge of current global outbreaks and epidemiology of infectious diseases. The next section analyzes some of the potential threats and the strategies that have been adopted by the ministry of health to contain them. The sections below discuss the targeted diseases and the control mechanisms that have been initiated for infections prevention. 3. Target diseases and control mechanisms 3.1 Meningococcal diseases During the hajj celebrations the risk of the Menigococcal diseases are quite high due to the over-crowded conditions, the high humidity and the dense air pollution (Wilder-Smith & Freeman, 2003). Meningococcal outbreak was once experienced in 1987 and at the time the government took ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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