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M5 and M6 - Assignment Example

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M5 and M6 Discussions Name: Institution: M5 and M6 Discussions The Transtheoretical Model and Motivational Interviewing as They Relate to Advising a Patient to Stop Smoking The Transtheoretical Model serves as a guide to the application of motivational interviewing with the aim of empowering the patient to change health related behaviours such as smoking cessation…
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Download file to see previous pages By identifying the exact stage, it is possible to apply motivational interviewing when the patient is helped to explore and resolve uncertainties about the behaviour change. Motivational interviewing requires understanding the patient by exploring his or her perspectives without judgment, increasing the patient’s self- awareness and acknowledging positive attributes about the client, assisting the patient to identify his/her current status and to come up with future goals about the smoking habit, and, lastly, exploration of possible barriers in the journey towards stopping the smoking behaviour (National Cancer Institute, 1995). As such, the Transtheoretical model appears to underpin motivational interviewing because its principles are informed by the different stages of behavior change identified by the model. The patient’s stage of change in the processing of stopping the smoking habit provides the starting point in determining motivational principle applicable to the patient’s situation and the best approach in assisting the patient overcome the smoking habit. M5 Article Critique Paper Siero, F. W., Van Diem, M. T., Voorrips, R., & Willemsen, M. C. (2004). Periconceptional smoking: An exploratory study of determinants of change in smoking behavior among women in the fertile age range. Health Education Research, 19(4), 418-429. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cyg048 In this study, Siero et al. (2004), explore various determinants of change in the smoking behaviour among women in the fertile age range through an exploratory study. The study is driven by epidemiological studies which have come up with interesting findings that periconceptional smoking and smoking during the early stages of pregnancy can actually result into congenital abnormalities. Such findings triggers the need to establish ways of discouraging women from smoking before pregnancy, a move that requires proper understanding of the motivation and factors leading to smoking during this critical stage in the women’s life. The study underpins socio-cognitive behavioral changes and emphasizes the need for self-awareness of the negative health effects of a given behaviour as well as the identification of social and economic factors making women engage in smoking during this stage. The study involved a sample of 931 women aged between 15 and 45 years who responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit important information about the smoking behaviour in the selected population (Siero et al., 2004). The study results indicated that majority of women who responded had a negative attitude towards smoking and the perception of a high risk for congenital anomalies among smokers. From the socio-cognitive perspective, participants did not quite well understand the relationship between beliefs, attitudes, and readiness to change the smoking problem. Shockingly, the study established that women involved in the smoking habit were not positive about their ability to quit smoking. From the study findings the researchers have provided important recommendations including the need for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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