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Colon Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, and Causes - Research Paper Example

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  This research paper studies colon cancer in detail including its signs and symptoms, causes, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, management, prognosis, and epidemiology. Colon cancer is the third most prevalent type of cancer with about 60 percent of reported cases happening in the developed world. …
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Colon Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, and Causes
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Download file to see previous pages Colon cancer usually starts to develop at the lining of the bowel and if not detected it grows to the muscles below the lining and further extends to the bowel wall, this cancer can be detected through the process of sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Colon cancer is the third most prevalent type of cancer with about 60 percent of reported cases happening in the developed world. Colon cancer is curable if detected early through surgery and removal of the affected parts otherwise if it has advanced it is incurable and the only remedy that is available is chemotherapy to prolong and improve the quality of life.  Colon cancer has varied signs and symptoms depending on its location in the large intestines, however, several signs and symptoms are common, they include: increased constipation, narrowing of stool, unnecessary loss of appetite, loss of weight, blood stains in stool, general weakness and feeling tired often, and feeling the urge to relieve oneself which is not actualized (Allman, 2012). Causes of colon cancer Most of the cases of colon cancer occur in individuals who have no genetic risk of the disease, some of the risk factors that contribute to the development of colon cancer include the following; old age, being of the male gender and taking alcoholic beverages. In addition, lack of enough physical exercise, excessive uptake of fats contained in food, smoking, eating red meat and being obese increase the risk of developing colon cancer. 1. Inflammatory bowel disease Individuals who have inflammatory bowel disease, which include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have a higher risk of getting colon cancer, the risk increases with the length that an individual has had the infection and the severity of the infection. In preventing the infection, treatment with aspirin and colonoscopies is recommended (Ruggieri & Tolentino, 2012). However, individuals with the inflammatory bowel disease account for less than two percent of all colon cancer cases annually. In an individual with Crohn's disease, the risk of getting colon cancer is 2 percent after 10 years, 8 percent after 20 years and 18 percent after 30 percent while in those individuals who have ulcerative colitis the chances of developing cancer is 16 percent after 30 years 2. Genetics Individuals who have first-degree relatives with the colon cancer disease are three times more likely to develop the disease as compared to those who do not have first-degree relatives with the disease. Colon cancer cases that are as a result of genetic inheritance account for about 20 percent of the total cases of colon cancer. In addition, several genetic disorders also increase the chances of an individual contracting colon cancer; some of those disorders are hereditary such as nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) which accounts for about 3 percent of all colon cancer cases.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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