Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The research paper describes a lung disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, its symptoms and signs, and possible methods of diagnosis. Even though reversing the damage on the lungs could be almost impossible, appropriate measures could be taken to prevent further damage…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease"

The paper work “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” investigates the main issues concerning lung diseases. Basically described, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD refers to a lung disease which normally makes breathing difficult. According to Currie (2009), COPD results from a combination of two diseases, chronic bronchitis and emphysema; hence, in essence, COPD does not refer to a single disease but rather an umbrella term describing chronic lung diseases. Chronic bronchitis would normally involve the inflammation of bronchial tubes, being the airways that transport air to the lungs, and production of a lot of mucus. With emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs, which get bigger and smaller to transport air in the lungs get damaged and lose elasticity thus limiting the air that gets out and into the lungs. In both scenarios, the patient would develop breathing difficulties. According to World Health Organisation (2013), despite the familiarity of these two terms, they are no longer used in defining COPD, but would still be included in diagnosing COPD. Cigarette smoking has been considered as the common cause of the disease though inhaling other irritants such as dust, chemicals and other pollutants could also cause COPD. COPD has been largely associated with coughing accompanied by production of a lot of mucus. This could be accompanied by chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath. A majority of the signs for COPD could also be seen in other diseases. These include wheezing heard by use of a stethoscope, chest enlargement referred to as hyperaeration, breathing through pursed lips and active use of neck muscles during breathing. Currie (2009) also observes that COPD patients would exhibit rapid breathing rates and a barrel chest, referring to increased chest’s anteroposterior to lateral ratio. Diagnosis There exists no sole symptom that wholesomely excludes or confirms COPD diagnosis. COPD commonly affects those below 40 years of age. It would be considered for those people with chronic cough, sputum production, dyspnea and those previously exposed to risk factors such as habitual tobacco smoking. Since COPD is not just a smoker’s cough as put by WHO (2013), tests must be done to ascertain the disease. Currie (2009) documents one of the tests, spirometry, which refers to the test meant to measure in one second the forced expiratory volume, FEV1, referring to the greatest air volume that can be exhaled in a large breath’s first second. Additionally, it measures the greatest air volume to be exhaled in the whole of a large breath, referred to as forced vital capacity, FVC. A FEV1/FVC ratio of less than the normal 70% gives an indication of COPD. Other than spirometry, chest x-ray could be used for confirmation of COPD, indicated by over-expanded lung, referred to as hyperinflation, bullae, increased retrosternal airspace and flattened diaphragm. Arterial Blood Gas, ABG, which refers to the blood obtained from an artery, could be tested for gas levels. High carbon dioxide content or low oxygen content, the latter referred to as hypoxaemia, would confirm COPD. Reactive polycythemia, referring to high blood count in blood samples from the vein, could also be a confirmatory test. Prognosis The WHO (2013) predicts that by 2030, COPD would be the third leading cause of death in the world. As such, its prognosis forms an important aspect of this paper so as to determine appropriate preventive measures to undertake. Among the factors that Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1”, n.d.)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1. Retrieved from
(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1.
“Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Managing Long-Term Health Care: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Although he stopped smoking (one of the major causes of COPD) 3 years ago, he has also been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis and mild osteoarthritis to both knees. Socially, Mick has a wife who is a receptionist and they have two adult children living locally, one of whom is 6 month pregnant.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
This restricts air flow from and to the lungs, consequently making a person experience shortness of breath. Converse to asthma, this restriction is inadequately reversible and normally gets increasingly detrimental over time. In addition pulmonary issues augment in incidence with age.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD is the fourth killer disease globally, and it is projected that the disease will be the third cause of mortality by the year 2020. It is categorized under chronic illnesses with most of the patients being aged people. Research indicates that exercise improves muscle endurance and strength in patients with COPD that lead to improvements in daily life activities.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Visual Analysis Art
The sculpture created by the 1939 class of water sculpture better identified as the Engineering fountain stand outs magnificently on the Purdue campus thoughtfully from the year 1989. The admirable design and appended beauty generated by the cosmetic water jets amplifies the scenery and thus establishing awesome land mark for the campus.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
The most common conditions that patients are presented with in medical acute dependency have been respiratory and cardiac diseases. It is therefore imperative to have an in-depth knowledge about the diseases. ( The disease presented in this study is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay
The study was conducted to be able to focus in particular to the patient's conditions in relation to the causative agents and the possible outcomes of the ailment. Another aim is to clearly present the diagnosis and possible recommendation in relation to the results of the tests that are undertaken.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD) as set out below
The majority of studies done to determine the efficacy of LTOT have been carried out in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) (Weitzenblum, E et al 1995). As COPD progresses hypoxia
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Long term oxygen therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Therefore an expansion of the demand for LTOT signifies positive outcomes of this treatment. Nevertheless a vivid discussion about efficiency and safety of this method occurs among doctors, scientists and
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
The author states that conditions that fall under COPD include chronic obstructive bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Patients usually have a combination of these. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is estimated to affect 32 million persons in the United States and is the fourth leading cause of death in this country.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
In medical profession, health promotion is an important component of the holistic healthcare provision. WHO (2008) defines health promotion as “the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health”. In the 21st century, the need for health promotion in society has become more important than ever before.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us