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Haematology (case study assignment) - Essay Example

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Haematology Case Study Assignment Name Institution Haematology Case Study Assignment Disease and its Description Many people often suffer from different malignant bone tumors. The malignant bone tumors usually form a group of lesions that differ in their behavior and tissue makeups…
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Haematology (case study assignment)

Download file to see previous pages... 12). Therefore, it is vital that each malignant growth is given an accurate diagnostic test since the treatments are intensively aggressive in nature and may involve more than one treatment method. The commonly applied treatment methods to the malignant bone tumor diseases include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery or resection as well as the bone marrow/stem cell transplants. Following the diagnostic results and the treatment of the 57 years old woman in the Haematology case study, it is apparent that the patient or woman is suffering from a malignant bone tumor specifically known as the multiple myeloma (MO?hler, 2011; p. 94). The multiple myeloma is a malignant tumor that affects the plasma cells. It is a tumor that intensely affects older ages. It is often rare among children and the middle age. It usually affects the entire bone marrow and it usually occurs in multiple sites throughout the skeleton. However, in some cases, it may present itself as a single bone lesion known as the plasmacytoma. This disease can affect any bone; however, the commonly affected include the spine, skull, ribs, and pelvis as well as the proximal long bones. Patients who are often affected by this type of malignant bone tumor often complain of bone pain with history of fatigue, weight loss, fever, and anemia. The fracture of bone may be located by the use of X-rays radiation (Gertz and Greipp, 2004; p. 46). The X-ray may also be used to identify widespread osteoporosis or holes or small punctures in the skeleton that may result into wide areas due to thinning of the cortex. Numerous bones plain x-rays or the skeletal survey is often incorporated in the diagnoses of multiple myetoma since scan may not indicate or locate all the tumor sites. Biopsy is not essential for patients suffering from the myeloma; however, if it is conducted on them, there may be an indication the tissue containing sheets of plasma cells. Notably, blood tests are often critical and quite helpful in establishing the diagnosis (Anderson and Ghobrial, 2008; p. 182). More than ninety percent of patients suffer from myeloma usually have a high rate of sedimentation and anemia. Additionally, in some cases, the calcium level is usually elevated especially to those who have had extensive bone disease. Profiling of the immunoglobins is effective through the blood test immunoelctrophoresis (IEP) that is profound in demonstrating any abnormal ‘g component’ or the myeloma protein that is usually about ninety percent in patient suffering from myeloma. As in the case of the 57 years old patient, the immunoelectrophoresis study of the urine is likely to be over sixty percent positive. In fact, this is conformed through the bone marrow biopsy. In the normal conditions, the human bone marrow often contains a small quantity of the plasma cells is not the case in the old woman’s clinical diagnostic results (Gertz and Greipp, 2004; p. 102). Therefore, the indication of over eighty percent ? or the plasma cells is an indication that there is an immense likelihood of myeloma. Naturally, the plasma cells test results confidently confirm that the old woman is suffering from melanoma. Additionally, to confirm that the 57 years old patient is suffering from melanoma, the immediate treatments followed the treatments that myeloma often respond to efficiently. The woman was subjected to radiation because radiation often ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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