Post-structuralism, Critical Realism and Materialism in Relation to Mental Health Disorders - Essay Example

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The paper talks about post-structuralism which developed to counter structuralism. The concept asserts that a slew of biases introduce themselves based on the framework proposed by the examiner. This has an impact on the quality of cultural products…
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Post-structuralism, Critical Realism and Materialism in Relation to Mental Health Disorders
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Download file to see previous pages The cultural and social equality is one of the aspects that affect the mental wellness of the society. Critical realists shape expectations which must be met in clear timelines (Peters 2004). Failure to meet the expectations leads to an active process of mental and overall health instability. Post-structural theory suggest that sanity and insanity are not binary opposed. Mental health disorder is a symptom of social distress (Uhlmann 1999). According to studies, social repression is used to explain the high cases of mental disorder among women. Social oppression can give rise to mental disorders. Societal inequalities can have a direct impact to the health of individuals. Materialistic mindset can cause the poor members of the society to be tempted to join crime as a result of frustration. Madness can arise from socioeconomic hardships (Marmot & Wilkinson 1999). This creates a resistance to the society. Mental disorders are related to power (Petersen 1999). Oppressive regimes or authorities attract a response which may not look reasonable (Williams 2001). Psychiatry and psychology are connected to power relations. Transgression of patriarchal norms causes women to be called abnormal. The class differences in mental health can be explained through four approaches (Marmot & Wilkinson 1999). They include materialistic theory, social selection, structuralism and cultural behavior. The post-structuralism theory is said to contribute to improvement in mental health. The theory is said to have the ability to maintain the class differences in matters of psychological importance (Petersen 1999). Post-structuralism is said to create a free...
This paper stresses that health of poor societies show low life expectancy compared to rich societies. However, the rich societies suffer from diseases of affluence like stroke and heart diseases compared to infections. The health of a society is not determined by the economic growth but by the extent of the differentiation of standards of living in the population. In countries that are developed, the life expectancy is higher than the countries with significant inequalities in the income of the populace. Therefore, materialism and critical realism have a connection with the health of a nation.
This report makes a conclusion that social and health inequalities are a persistent feature in the world today. The issue arouses enough passion to cause mental arrest in family units and the general society. The social standing is related to the material possessions. The concept of critical realism does not deny materialism. It only suggests that materialism is not absolute. The line between causation and selection remains blurred. Income distribution is related to material influences and personal responsibility. Indeed, income redistribution is one of the methods that promote equality and standardized materialistic approach. The multiple conflicting, psychosocial mechanisms in the world continue to affect the concept of critical realism and materialism. Therefore, the issues must be addressed through a broad network of social and cultural approaches aimed at making the cultural and social practices inclusive and equitable. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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