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Adaptation to Chronic Pain - Essay Example

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In the paper “Adaptation to Chronic Pain” the author analyzes research work on chronic pain, stress and coping, aging and spirituality, and self-care practices of an associate professor Karen Dunn. Her theory aims at controlling chronic pain based on Merton’s description. …
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Adaptation to Chronic Pain
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Download file to see previous pages For example, individuals suffering from arthritis attempt several cognitive and behavioral pain coping strategies due to high levels of chronic pain. Patients with arthritis used at least one coping strategy per day which includes coping self statements, exercise, diversion, and praying. Having made these observations, she aimed at describing chronic pain experiences, the frequency of occurrence, and the effectiveness of different coping strategies used.
The main concept in this theory is chronic pain which is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience due to actual or potential tissue damage. Elderly people experience pain that persists beyond the normal tissue healing time of three months. Another major concept is the use of religion as a coping strategy. Elderly people suffering from pain engage in prayer in order to get relief or the ability to cope with such pain effectively. They turn to take their feelings away or give them the right procedure of treating their pain. Elders also utilize non-religious coping strategies such as exercise in order to cope with chronic pain. Another major concept is the psychological state of people experiencing chronic pain. Elderly people suffer from anxiety, depression, and stress due to prolonged pain. Psychological pressure caused by chronic pain causes death or social isolation. Coping strategies is also a major concept in this theory which refers to different actions taken by people experiencing chronic pain. ...
Another major concept is the use of religion as a coping strategy. Elderly people suffering from pain engage in prayer in order to get relief or the ability to cope with such pain effectively. They turn to take their feelings away or give them the right procedure of treating their pain. Elders also utilize non-religious coping strategies such as exercise in order to cope with chronic pain. Another major concept is the psychological state of people experiencing chronic pain. Elderly people suffer from anxiety, depression, and stress due to prolonged pain. Psychological pressure caused by chronic pain causes death or social isolation. Coping strategies is also a major concept in this theory which refers to different actions taken by people experiencing chronic pain. Nurses and physicians treating people with chronic people have to engage various strategies in order to help their patients. A minor concept in this theory is the difference in the rate at which men and women utilize different strategies to cope with pain. Women turn to religious strategies more than men, while men may engage in more exercise activities than women. Major concepts in this theory have been developed operationally. For example, in 2004 a research work aimed at developing the theory engaged 200 elderly people over 65 years old. This research aimed at investigating the effect of religious and non-religious strategies in chronic pain management. The presence, duration, intensity, and location of pain were measured during the development period. Individuals from different religious involve the supernatural beings as a strategy of coping with pain. Patients seek spiritual intervention before engaging in medication, and their spiritual faith helps them ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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