StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Polycystic Kidney Disease - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that occurs in two main ways: as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and as autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (NIDDK ). In both cases, the disease causes multiple cysts to grow on the kidneys, which can cause further health complications involving other bodily systems (NIDDK)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Polycystic Kidney Disease"

Download file to see previous pages Cysts may also form in other organs (Mayo). Although the disease can be very serious, it is possible for a person to have the disease for years without being aware of it (Mayo). Since the disease is genetic and runs in families, family members might be more likely to watch for symptoms and identify the cause of the symptoms than they would be for a disease that was not genetic in nature. A third form of the disease, acquired cystic kidney disease, has no genetic implication and is usually associated with kidney failure (NKF). The symptoms of polycystic kidney disease include high blood pressure, pain in the back or side, headache, swollen stomach area, bloody urine, frequent urination, kidney stones, kidney failure, urinary tract infections, and kidney infections (Mayo). While these symptoms are generally evident in both forms of the disease, there are some characteristics of the autosomal dominant form of polycystic kidney disease that are different from the autosomal recessive form of the disease. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is a relatively common hereditary disease, and it eventually causes kidney failure in about half of the people who have it (Masoumi et al.). The symptoms of this form of the disease are most likely to surface at around thirty to forty years of age (Mayo). About ninety percent of polycystic kidney disease cases are of the autosomal dominant form (Mayo). A child can inherit this disorder even if only one parent has the disease, and a child with one parent who carries the disease has a fifty percent chance of having the disease (Mayo). On the other hand, autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is relatively rare (NIDDK). Unlike the disease’s autosomal dominant form, symptoms of the recessive form often surface not long after a child is born (Mayo). Less frequently, they don’t show up until childhood or adolescence (Mayo). Unfortunately, the symptoms can even be severe enough to cause death within hours of the infant’s birth (NIDDK). The only way a child can have this form of the disease is for both parents to be the carriers of abnormal genes (Mayo). When both parents carry this abnormal gene, each child they have has a twenty-five percent chance of having the disease (Mayo). The first symptom reported by most individuals with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is back pain, which varies in intensity from person to person (NIDDK). Other symptoms of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease include urinary tract infections, bloody urine, cysts in the liver and pancreas, high blood pressure, kidney stones, and aneurysms in the brain (NIDDK). Another problem associated with this form of the disease is diverticulosis, a problem with the structure of the colon walls in which they become weak (NIDDK). The symptoms of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease include many of the same for the autosomal dominant form of the disease. Elevated blood pressure, urinary tract infections and increased urinary frequency are all common (NIDDK). Due to liver and spleen involvement, varicose veins and hemorrhoids are also likely in this form of the disease (NIDDK). Children with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease are smaller than other children due to the impaired functioning of their kidneys (NIDDK). These children will also have lower blood cell counts than the normal range (NIDDK). Another ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Polycystic Kidney Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1449862-polycystic-kidney-disease
(Polycystic Kidney Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1449862-polycystic-kidney-disease.
“Polycystic Kidney Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1449862-polycystic-kidney-disease.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Polycystic Kidney Disease

Kidney Function

The blood that carries oxygen and nutrients to each and every cell in the body moves because of pressure supplied by the heart, which is called the blood pressure. The kidneys have a role in this by:
2. Describe how hemoglobin from disintegrating erythrocytes is processed in the body. Explain what is conserved and what is eliminated. Distinguish between unconjugated and conjugated bilirubin, how intestinal bacteria contribute and how urolbilinogen in urine is involved.

The process by which red blood cells are produced is called erythropoiesis. Erythrocytes are continuously being produced in the red bone marrow of large bones. Erythrocytes develop in about 7 days and live a total of about 120 days. The aging cells s...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease Outline: The Roles of the Imaging and Treatment Modalities

Dramatic developments in the field of science and technology have provided newer and enhanced diagnostic tools to make arrive at a more precise diagnosis on one side and on the other side given new meaning to the traditional treatment modalities, as well as creating new treatment modalities. 

Peering inside the human body for a better understanding of any abnormalities within that are the cause for illness in a patient had remained an unrealized need until the advent of the x-ray imaging technique. Since then advances in the x-ray imaging techniques have led to new imaging modalities to remove the inadequacies that were experienced through the use of mere x-rays. Fluoroscopy is one such development in imaging modal...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The impact of Plant Disease on New Zealand

Transmission of PMTV occurs through inoculation of sap in 26 species belonging to Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa and also through grafting (A. Reavy., W. Kashiwazaki., & Barker,1995 ). In some cases, PMTV is known to be transmitted by mechanical inoculation also.

Since PMTV is vectored only through S.subterranea the infection of plants with PMTV depends on the life cycle of S.subterranea which takes about 10-14 days. The life cycle of S.subterranean takes place in 2 phases: Phase I) This is the primary stage of the life cycle initiated with the germination of resting spores known as sporangiosori or cystosori persisting in the soil as spore balls with thick cell walls into zoosporangia. These...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off

Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al. 2006). Practically, any engine that utilized fossil fuel is known to be emitters of these effluents in addition to other activities that require burning of materials as have been broadly argued by different concerned sectors for the minimization of its usage, as well, finding alternatives which could be biodegradable fuels.

Air is humankind’s natural source of respiratory Oxygen. Its preservation may have been openly disregarded so that the current generation has to face up to the maintenance of it...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Antibiotic Resistance of Bacterial Agents of Disease

The prevalence of increased antibiotic resistance of bacterial agents of disease is a serious clinical concern because it limits and reduces the efficiency of the treatment options that are available. The mechanism of the development of antibiotic resistance has been attributed to bacteria’s capacity to mutate. The mutation alters existing resistance determinants to antimicrobial agents and produces different drug targets that have decreased antibiotic affinity. Thus, mutators that have high mutation frequencies could have important roles in developing antibiotic resistance (Chopra, O’Neill, & Miller, 2003). It is believed that bacteria mutate as part of its endogenous survival mechanism. In E. coli, defects in gen...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Proposal

Heart Disease as One of the Leading Causes of Mortality

...Critically analyse whether there is any short term and/or long term benefit in running an exercise referral scheme to modify risk factors for heart disease Introduction: Heart disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among the developed countries. Atheromatous disease of coronary arteries is the most important single cause of death in the western world and Atheroma is the commonest cause of angina pectoris leading to myocardial infarction and its complications. The risk factors in aetiology of heart disease are complex and much of its understanding is based on epidemiological evidence. It has been seen that geographical difference between countries in the manifestation of all aspects of heart disease is evident...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Something Learned Within the Last Year That I Now Know A Lot About: Alzheimer's Disease

...Alzheimers Disease Table of Contents I. Research 3 A. Background 3 B. Symptoms and Signs 4 C. Treatment Options, New Research 5 II. Importance, How ICame to Learn About the Disease 7 III. Reflection 10 References 13 I. Research A. Background Alzheimers Disease is a brain degeneration condition, where the progression is gradual but whose symptoms become evident on the sixth decade in the life of a person, and which is characterized by the slow erosion of the thinking capacities and memory capacities of the person, to the point of total loss of ability to perform the most fundamental bodily tasks. In the elderly, the most prevalent form of dementia is Alzheimers. As a generalization of the condition of Alzheimers, the umbrella...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

The Effect of Diphtheria Disease on Mice

...EFFECTS OF DIPHTHERIA DISEASE (RESEARCH PROPOSAL) This research proposal advocates for a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of the Diphtheria disease on mice, and the variations of the bacterial aspects when compared to human effects. The Diphtheria disease is a leading cause of death in most countries and has many complications such as the growth of thick membranes on the respiratory tract causing difficulties in swallowing and breathing (WHO 2010). Through the evaluation the disease’s effects on mice, there are possibilities of finding weak points of the bacteria and absolute ways of preventing the disease through a better vaccination program or a way to counter it. The core method to use for the extraction of information is through...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Proposal

Main Aspects of Alzheimers Disease

... English 16th March, Alzheimer’s Alzheimer’s disease is caused by three main factors: family history, age, and genetics. I have discussed in this paper the three main causes of Alzheimer’s disease; I have discussed the three causes of Alzheimer’s disease in annotated bibliography format. I have also discussed in the paper the possible solutions to the three causes of Alzheimer’s disease. Family History Emory University School of Medicine: Depart of Human Genetics Division of Medical Genetics. “ Family History of Alzheimer Disease”. Web. https://www.google.com /url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact> The following is a description of the family history as the cause of Alzheimer’s disease according to the Emory University...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Polycystic Kidney Disease for FREE!

Contact Us