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Influenza in America - Research Paper Example

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INFLUENZA IN AMERICA. (Author’s Name) (Institutional Affiliation) Abstract Influenza, also known as the flu, is an infectious disease that is caused by the RN viruses, from the influenza viruses family. The most common symptoms of this infection include fever, sore throat, chills, muscle pain, fatigue and general discomfort…
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Download file to see previous pages The first case of this disease was of an outbreak that started in the Soviet Union then spread to the rest of Europe, through to Africa and finally to America. It is believed that Influenza was transferred to America as early as the European colonization of the Americas. J. Hugger (1703) was the first man to use the word influenza in English referring to the disease we now know today (Cowling & Peiris 2010). Influenza came from the Italian language which when translated into the English language means Influence which refers to the cause of the disease. Introduction. There are different types of Influenza grading from influenza virus A which consists of H1N1 which is believed to have caused the Spanish Flu in 1918 and the Swine flu in 2009, H2N2 believed to have caused the Asian Flu in 1957, H3N2 which caused the Hong Kong flu in 1968, H5N1 which caused the Bird flu in 2004, H7N7, H1N2 (very common in humans, pigs and birds), H9N2, H7N2, H7N3 and H10N7 (Wilschut, Mcelhaney & Palache 2006). This genus has one species and can cause devastating outbreaks if the viruses are transmitted. This type is also the cause of most severe diseases in humans. Influenza virus B is less common and almost exclusively infects humans. Immunization from Influenza virus B is taken at an early stage. ...
H1N1 H1N1 (also known as the Swine flu) outbreaks in the United States were first reported in 1976 when four people were hospitalized, and others died, and because of this, effort was done for everyone to get vaccinated. But the vaccinations came to an abrupt halt when the Gullain-Barre Syndrome was discovered to be a side effect which resulted from the vaccination. It was reported that 25 people had died from the vaccine, and the death rate had spread over to a large population area (Huang, Banner, Fang, Ng, Kanagasabai, Kelvin, & Kelvin 2011). Another outbreak was reported in 1998, in pigs from different states, and during the course of the year had spread to large pigs’ population within the United States. The recent outbreak was in 2009 reported by the CDC (centers for Disease control and prevention). It seems the Virus had being transmitted back to humans. Symptoms of H1N1. The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to cold flu, but there are some different H1N1 symptoms which have been recorded infected beings. Swine flu is a very contagious virus as humans have no immunity towards both bird and pig viruses. Symptoms of H1N1 include Body Aches, Chills, Headaches, Cough, Runny/ Stuffy nose, sore throat, Extreme Fatigue, Diarrhea and vomiting amongst others. Almost all infected cases show at least 3of these symptoms(Huang et al 2011). Conditions of infected patients deteriorate within 3 to 5 days and many patients progress to respiratory failure within 24hours. Prevention and measures. Some day to day measures that can help prevent or spread H1N1 that have being recorded includes washing hands as many time as possible using soap and warm water. For children below two years, they should avoid taking over the counter cold medication unless ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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