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Obesity among African American Adoloscents from Low Income Families in Washington D.C - Essay Example

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Health Sciences and Medicine Name of Author Author’s Affiliation Author Note Author note with more information about affiliation, research grants, conflict of interest and how to contact Table of Contents 1) Introduction ………………………………………………………………………
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Obesity among African American Adoloscents from Low Income Families in Washington D.C
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Download file to see previous pages Health Sciences and Medicine Write about obesity among African American adolescents from low income families in Washington DC. Why is it considered a problem worth paying attention to and directing resources to? In addition, what is suggested to solve this alleged problem? A. Introduction: Obesity is one of the most significant public health troubles faced by the US, particularly in children. In children, obesity is usually caused by the shortage of physical exercises, unhealthy habits of eating and wasting most of the time on non-active entertainment. Obesity has increased to epidemic percentages as a major problem globally and nationally. During the childhood period, obesity leads to various adverse effects including various health problems such as sleep disorders, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, left ventricular hypertrophy, type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver illness, atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia as well as psychological disorders such as stigmatization, bias, sadness and emotional upset. Every segment of the U.S. populace is affected by this health problem of obesity, particularly Washington DC, in one of the universal myths that subsist in almost every low-income citizen. In this generalization, two facts commonly are overlooked: (1) the relationship between income and weight can vary by gender, race/ethnicity, or age; and (2) disparities by income seem to be weakening with time (Relationship between Poverty and Overweight or Obesity, 2010). When considering the income and ethnicity, the picture of this problem is even more disturbing. African-American low-income families have the highest risk for obesity, and adolescents of the families with lower-income have a higher risk for obesity than those from families of higher income. More than 40% of African-American adolescents are overweight, and almost 25% are obese. In Washington, D.C., the percentage of rate of obesity for 10–17 year age groups is 35.4%, putting it at number nine among every city in the state.?? The implications of this consist of a staggering amount of kids who are in danger of developing a grave chronic health situation, for example, coronary heart illness and diabetes. This study tells about the obesity among African American adolescents from low income families in Washington DC. B. Background and Signi?cance: Childhood obesity is a significant public related problem in the US. Obesity among African American adolescents from low-income families in Washington DC has risen in recent years. The number of adolescents who are overweight has tripled since 1980 and the prevalence among younger children has more than doubled. According to the 1999-2002 NHANES survey, 16 percent of children aged 6-19 years are obese (Childhood Obesity, n.d.). Not only did the rates of obesity increase, but also the heaviest kids, according to the latest NHANES survey, were noticeably heavier than those in earlier surveys were. Figure 1. Prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents ages 6-19 years ” (Childhood Obesity, n.d.) Obesity disproportionately has an effect on a certain minority of adolescent populations. The survey showed that Mexican American and African American adolescents between the age groups of 12-19 were more expected to be obese, at 23% and 23% respectively, than non-Hispanic white adolescents, which were only 14%. Considering the case of children that fall in the age group of 6-11, 22% of Mexican American kids are found to be obese, 20% ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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