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Health Sciences - Chronic Illness - Essay Example

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Name Sociology Tutor Date Chronic Illness Introduction Illness is characterized by regression and dependency of an individual whereby an interaction with the health care providers assures the individual of a hopeful recovery. Chronic illness is an event in a person’s life that is permanent or that is meant to last for long and may even last for the entire life of the individual…
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Health Sciences - Chronic Illness
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Download file to see previous pages This is since, it has been stipulated that the current 250 million individuals currently suffering from diabetes in the world, will increase to 380 million individuals by the year 2025. This entails that diabetes will soon become a global epidemic and hence addressing the sociological aspects of diabetes is timely and of relevance (Tarride 255). With the foretold genesis, diabetes will be described and the effects it has on daily life outlined. The sociological aspects of the chronic illness; doctor patient relationship, health care and insurance expense will also be outlined. The check list manifesto by Atul Gawande will also be implemented as pertains to addressing the sociological aspects of chronic illnesses. Diabetes and Its Effects on Activities of Daily Living Diabetes mellitus is defined as metabolic condition characterized by hyperglycemia (increased glucose levels in the blood). Diabetes has become a major health concern as a result of its associated costs and high prevalence. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the inability of body to produce insulin hence glucose is not up taken. However, type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs when the cells are not responsive to insulin and hence no glucose uptake takes place. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes accounting with a prevalence of 85-95% of diabetes cases in high income countries. In an interview carried out at an outpatient diabetic clinic, Mr. X aged 50 years, had type 2 diabetes mellitus. He explained to us that there was a familial history since his father succumbed to diabetes after it was discovered late. Mr. X also had a body mass index of 42 kg/m2 fitting the definition of an obese person. This illustrated that obesity is a predisposing factor to type 2 diabetes mellitus (Tarride 255). Diabetes has poor prognosis and predisposes an individual to increased mortality and morbidity rates. Studies have illustrated that diabetic patients are at a higher risk of developing fatal and non fatal events ensuing following the diagnosis of diabetes. Individuals suffering from diabetes have a 41% higher risk of death, twice higher risk of myocardial infarction, and seven times higher risk of amputation compared to non diabetic individuals. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is salient and a diagnosis is made way later and may be coupled with complications of diabetes. Long term complications of diabetes are micro vascular (nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy) and macro vascular (stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease and heart failure) (Tarride 255). Mr. X had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus 3 years prior to the interview after presenting with poor vision to the hospital. The doctor carried out investigations and the results of a random blood sugar test and a fasting blood sugar test were confirmatory of diabetes. He had not yet developed any macro vascular complications yet but complained of tiring easily, an illustration of involvement of the cardiovascular system. This affected his way of life since he had to quit from his previous employment as he worked in an industry and his poor sight compromised his safety. This led to the termination of his employment even after having gone to an optician and got optical lenses to aid in improving his visual capacity (Tarride 255). Increase in the number of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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