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Infant mortality - Essay Example

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Instructor: Infant Mortality Introduction Garrett, Eilidh. Infant Mortality: a continuing social problem. New York: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2006. Print To Garrett argument, the public and health professionals have stressed the importance of prenatal care because; throughout the country, lack of prenatal care is the major cause of epidemic in infant mortality…
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Download file to see previous pages For instance, in 2002, the United States’ infant mortality rate varied by race whereby infants for black mothers had the highest number followed by those of Hispanic and white mothers. Globally, the Infant mortality rate is major concern since, the rates tends to increase slightly. Typically, infant mortality rate has been the highest in adolescents mothers, and lowest for women and adults. Similarly, infant mortality for unmarried has often been approximated to be higher than for the married. An analysis of the infant mortality has established the need of evaluating its leading cause. To Garrett (35), prenatal care entails more than just health care but, many issues such as physical activity and nutrition are discussed by the health care provider. With this in mind, prenatal care is recommended for pregnant women, and those who do not get are more likely to have unhealthy babies, which eventually lead to death cases. Prenatal care is essential in that, it detect any problem early, and with appropriate recommendation prevent if possible. Health professionals have considered prenatal care to be essential for pregnant women; nevertheless, there are concerns regarding those who lack access to these services. When pregnant mothers utilize prenatal care properly, there are high chances of a successful birth outcome but; when there is no prenatal care, there are high chances of disastrous birth outcome. Hibbs, Henry. Infant Mortality: Its relation to social and industrial conditions. Grland Publisher, 1997. Print According to Hibbs (10), prenatal care refers to the nursing and medical care, which is recommended for women during and after pregnancy. As discussed above, prenatal care is obligated because it detects early problems that would harm the infant in the future. During prenatal care, various examinations are undertaken, which helps to eradicate any problem that would occur in the future. While availability of prenatal care is vital in reducing infant mortality rate; there are concerns on most people that lack access to prenatal care. The consequences of those who lack access to prenatal care are severe for the mother’s health and birth outcome. Studies depict that, those who lack accesses to prenatal care are more likely to have complications of low birth weight, which is ranked to be the most cause of death (Hibbs 22). In reality, the minority who lack access to prenatal care undergo delivery complications that otherwise would be detected early during prenatal care. As mentioned earlier, prenatal care is paramount in detecting any complication that would hinder a successful birth outcome. Hibbs continue to argue that, those who lack access to prenatal care experiences higher rate of complications such as pattern birth, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, placenta prevail, intrauterine growth constraint, and rupture of membranes. Of course, these are severe consequences, which lead to infant mortality. In facts, lack of prenatal care increases chances of unsuccessful birth outcome. Nevertheless, women who have access to prenatal care are guided by health care professionals who offer guidance, information, and advice about their individual situation. In this case, doctors provide prescription to ensure a health infant and mother. Expectant mothers can learn whether their fetus have ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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