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Alzheimer Disease - Term Paper Example

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Name of Paper: Alzheimer’s disease Course # BIO206 - Disease of the Human Body Name of Instructor: Stephanie List Date: 15-Nov-11 Alzheimer’s disease: Description of the disease: The most common form of dementia (a loss of brain functions which occurs with certain diseases), Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological disease of the brain which leads to an irreversible loss of neurons and intellectual abilities such as memory and reasoning…
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Alzheimer Disease
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Download file to see previous pages Although developing Alzheimer’s disease is not a part of normal aging, it has been proven that age increases the risk of developing this disease (Crystal). Family history also plays a major role in Alzheimer’s disease and having a close blood relative such as mother, sister, and brother etc who developed Alzheimer’s disease increases the risk of developing this disease. Other unproven causes of this disease include: a history of head trauma, long standing high blood pressure, and female gender (Nordqvist, 2009). There are two major types of Alzheimer’s disease which have been identified according to the age of the patients: Early Onset Alzheimer’s: This type is not very common and is said to occur when a patient displays symptoms of the disease before reaching the age of 60. (Kantor, 2010) Late Onset Alzheimer’s: This type of the disease is very common and is said to occur when a patient age 60 or higher displays symptoms of the disease. ...
The framework is as follows: 1st Stage - No Impairment: The first stage of Alzheimer’s shows almost no symptoms of the disease i.e. no cognitive and memory problems appear on the surface. (Nordqvist, 2009) 2nd Stage – Minimal Impairment: The second stage of Alzheimer’s begins when the patient begins to show very mild cognitive decline such as forgetting very familiar words occasionally or forgetting where he/she kept a certain object etc. (Nordqvist, 2009) 3rd Stage – Early Confusional: The third stage of Alzheimer’s begins when the decline in the patient’s memory and cognitive ability start impacting his/her everyday functioning such as planning, remembering recent information, and learning etc. The patient may also start to remain depressed and become moody. (Nordqvist, 2009) 4th Stage – Moderate Cognitive Decline: The fourth stage of Alzheimer’s disease begins when the patient displays a reduced memory of personal history along with an evidently decreased memory of recent events. At this stage the patient is still able to identify familiar names and people but has difficulty in performing sequential tasks such as driving, shopping alone, reading and selecting what is in a menu at a restaurant etc. (Nordqvist, 2009) 5th Stage – Moderately Severe Cognitive Decline: The fifth stage of Alzheimer’s disease begins when the patient’s cognitive decline becomes a serious problems and he has problems remembering personal history such as where they used to work, telephone numbers etc. The patient also faces a lot of problems in performing calculations and is even confused about what month, year, or day it is. (Nordqvist, 2009) 6th Stage – Sever Cognitive Decline: The sixth stage of Alzheimer’s disease begins when the patient displays a ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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