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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - Research Paper Example

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Anxiety can be defined as a set of psychological and physiological conditions which may arise in any individual because of disturbances in his normal brain functions. Anxiety Disorders have been largely noticed in adults as around 25% of the adults are considered to be suffering from this disorder…
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Download file to see previous pages... This can be distinguished clearly if one analyzes the levels of distress faced by the individuals in their life and the effect of this distress on the normal behaviors of that individual (NIH 1995). Anxiety disorders can be of many types which need to be diagnosed properly to know as to which type of disorder the person is facing. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is one type of anxiety disorder faced by some individuals. It occurs in people who have faced a dangerous situation in their life previously and that dangerous situation repeats itself again and again in the mind of those people. This type of anxiety disorder occurs in people in whom these events come back causing fear and horror. Individuals suffering from the disorder experience the events of the trauma in their mind again and again and a specific stimulus takes place in order to avoid the trauma from taking place. The disorder can be acute or chronic depending upon the time period of the symptoms shown by the individual. One may ask the question as to what really is a trauma that would cause this disorder. The DSM IV states that trauma is any event which involves death, threat or injury to anyone involved and the reaction of the person involves fear and horror. The symptoms of the disorder can range from mild to severe depending upon the capability of the person (THOMAS 2008) Anxiety disorders may be Psychodynamic which means that their internal state of mind would not be stable enough and his impulses and instincts may conflict to cause the distress faced by him. It can also be faced as part of previous experiences which are faced by the person again in his life. This is a part of the learning process of the individual and he may not be able to forget those previous events which caused malfunctioning of his brain functions. And at times it may also be felt by individuals who are mentally disturbed by the environment in their house. It is even suggested that anxiety disorders in individuals occur because of the abnormal functioning of the neurotransmitters in the brain. GABA receptors are known to play an important role in the normal functioning of the brain and if they are disturbed the individual may face from anxiety disorder. And lastly problems with the normal functioning of the body may also cause anxiety in the individual. These can be problems related to gastrointestinal tract, lung diseases, cardiovascular problems or brain disorders (THOMAS 2008). The symptoms of Post Traumatic Disorder are divided into three broad categories of re-experiencing, avoidance and arousal. These three categories clearly show that a person is suffering from this disorder. Re-experiencing is a category which includes intrusive thoughts about the trauma in the form of nightmares, flashbacks or other reminders. The category of avoidance includes features which help in avoiding the trauma by doing different actions. The person would not like to visit the places or individuals which remind him of the trauma and would have a decreased rate of pleasure in anything which he previously used to enjoy. The category of arousal includes symptoms like sudden awakening, shivers, anger, irritability and some sleep problems. Headache, dizziness, paranoia and substance abuse are common problems associated with the disorder. Depression and suicidal thoughts are markedly prominent in the people suffering from th ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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