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Rheumatoid arthritis - Essay Example

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Name University Abstract There have been many studies concerning the occurrence of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, most studies have not been able to establish the real causative factor of the condition as well as its effects on occupational performance…
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Rheumatoid arthritis

Download file to see previous pages... Although researchers have constantly claimed that the major cause of the condition is a mystery, several other studies indicate that the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is significant in its pathogenesis. In addition to this, people suffering from this condition are susceptible to other infections. In this regard, a research conducted in Mayo Clinic indicated that occurrence of contagions requiring hospitalization were more in RA patients compared to non-RA patients (Dixon, 2006). RA affects mostly diarthrodial joints. The most widespread, form of onset entails regular pain and swelling in small joints of feet and hands, and its beginning might and does differ extensively among different persons (Stanich, et al., 2009). It is also evident that rheumatoid arthritis might hinder the execution of social roles and partaking in recreational activities (Wikstrom, et al., 2001). A major aspect of this condition is that it has an irregular course, with no common pattern and an indecisive rate of worsening. This means that the condition is very unpredictable, hence can produce adverse effects to the patient. In this regard, the condition causes an early onset of disability to the patient. This continues in the course of the disease and it becomes very complex to determine the particular time that the disability might occur. This offers several difficulties to the managers of the disease and makes it difficult for the patient to cope with the dynamic aspects of the disease. In addition, mutilation of the body of the affected person might occur due to disturbance of the body metabolisms. In some cases, the disability is very severe as to render the patient incapable of performing any task independently (Doeglas, et al., 1995). Another major aspect and effect of Rheumatoid arthritis is the reduction in life expectancy. In this regard, several studies indicate that this condition lessens life expectancy by four years in men and by 10 years in women. However, not all cases of the condition accounts for this life expectancy reduction. It is only a few cases, which are severe that accounts for such a reduction (Akil & Amos, 1995). Another important aspect of the disease is that it affects both sexes. Although it is prevalent in both sexes, studies have revealed that this condition is more common in females, characterized by pain and swelling in the joints. In addition, the occurrence of the condition is not uniform, there are various stages ranging from less severe to most severe. In some most severe cases, people suffering from this condition are incapable of even performing very simple tasks such as walking rising from a seated position (Higuera, 2011). Prevalence of Rheumatoid Arthritis The occurrence of this condition leads to a higher susceptibility of death to the people affected. It is evident that people suffering from the condition have increased death vulnerability compared to people without the condition of their same sex and age. This aspect of the occurrence of the disease is prevalent in Europe and across other many other regions. However, some studies in Japan and China reveals that the occurrence of the condition is relatively low. These studies indicate that the prevalence of this condi ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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