Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Running Head: CAESAREAN SECTION IN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Introduction The discovery of the Caesarean Section method of childbirth is a blessing to women who experience extra difficulty in giving birth the natural way. The CS procedure offers them, as well as to their babies, greater safety in delivery…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries"

Download file to see previous pages It seems, however, that the WHO’s declaration fell on deaf ears because today the statistics on CS rates are far beyond what it envisioned. The phenomenal increase in childbirths through the CS, particularly in developed countries, is indeed alarming considering that various studies have associated CS with maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. In stark contrast with CS statistics in developed countries are statistics in least developing countries showing extremely low CS rates. The implication of the latter is that pregnant women in those countries are also potentially at risk because the CS procedure seems to be unavailable to women who are actually in need of it. Background: Caesarean Section Procedure CS is a procedure in childbirth in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the abdominal wall rather than through the vaginal opening of the mother. Normally, this procedure is employed when the natural method of giving birth poses danger to the life of the baby, but there are indications pointing that it is also being used other than for medical reasons. The CS procedure may be performed either through the lower segment section or the classical caesarian section. In the former, the incision is made below the navel, whether as a midline subumbilical abdominal incision or a transverse suprapubic incision. On the other hand, the latter entails a longitudinal incision in the superior intrauterine section (Hanretty 2009, pp. 315-316). From a medical perspective, the indications for C-section procedure include, among others, dystocia, fetal distress, cephalopelvic disproportion, breech presentation, repeat caesarean and vaginal birth after caesarean or VBAC, placenta praevia and maternal diabetes. Dystocia is the general term used to refer to labor-related complications that may come in the form of extended labor or fetal position. It is considered as the number one reason for CS in the 1990s, which resulted in the recommendation of the National Institute of Health to examine this diagnostic indication more thoroughly. Fetal distress, on the other hand, refers to life-threatening condition of the baby during labor often manifested by its diminishing movement, irregular heartbeat and the passage of its bowel content into the amniotic fluid, among others. Fetal distress is also one of the top medical reasons for resorting to CS. In cephalopelvic disproportion, a cesarean section is conducted because delivery through the normal method is difficult because of the disproportion between the size of the pelvis and the baby while breech presentation refers to the abnormal position of the baby in the womb of the mother, which would necessitate the difficult delivery of having the baby’s feet come out first (Churchill 2009). Non-medical variables as underpinnings of births by CS have also been accounted for in the rise of the use of the procedure, especially in developed countries. Ghosh & James (2010) stated that the fact that high rates of CS rates observable in affluent groups and private hospitals are tell-tale signs of forces, other than medical, at play in decisions to resort to CS (22). These non-medical variables include the following: declining birth rate, which is said to urge consultants to aspire for better fetal outcomes through the employment of caesarean section; hospitalization, which would more likely result in an interventionist style of ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries Essay)
“Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries

Purchasing Power Parity Across Countries

The purpose of this study is to examine how much significance may be attributed to real exchange rates in assessing differences in purchasing power parity between various countries. An assessment of the correlation between the two variables will be undertaken in order to determine whether they impact each other in the short and long term.
The purchasing power parity between various nations depends to a great extent upon various factors which are the indicators of how well the economy is performing, such as imports-exports, consumption, productivity and trade, policy instruments, world interest rates and real exchange rates. The correlation between some of these macroeconomic variables is expressed in the Harbinger-Laursen-Met...
12 Pages (3000 words) Research Proposal

Can E-Commerce and Alleviate Poverty in the Developing World

On the other hand, this research is rather indicative of the first trends characterized by the expansion of e-commerce globally. E-commerce has become today the main ‘tool’ for the development of business activities even for companies that were traditionally related to specific regions or companies that have rejected primarily the e-commerce as a ‘tool’ for the increase of their performance. On the other hand, it should be admitted that the USA is the country where is e-commerce has been chosen as a primary tool of the trade for business activities. Other countries around the world are also participating actively in the use of e-commerce as a valuable entrepreneurial strategic tool. It should be noticed how...
15 Pages (3750 words) Assignment

The Way Sports Governing Bodies Have Historically Developed

However, because the intervention of the state in sports (as in all social activities) needs to be appropriately regulated, it is a common practice for governments around the world to follow specific strategies when having to interact with sports organizations. The above assumption has been also supported by Johnson who found that when the government plans to intervene in the area of sports, there are three common types of policies that it tends to apply: “integrative, symbolic and instrumental” (1982, 22). Moreover, the evaluation of the whole governmental effort led to the conclusion that “the significance of domestic sports policy is found in the modification and reinforcement of citizen values and beliefs; ho...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

Developing Professional Practice Portfolio

I work in a very busy outpatient department that includes many different clinic settings.  Most recently, the oral surgery, maxillo-facial surgery, and plastic surgery departments have become part of our directorate as a result of reorganization with in the trust. Although I have always considered myself to be a competent, confident professional, I found working in this reorganized department very stressful. The unit seemed to be very poorly organized with staff shortages and inadequate facilities. I was most surprised to discover that there were no documented records for patient wound care services provided in the clinic. I found this latter situation to be unacceptable from a professional standpoint. Some of the patients in...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

The Globalization Policies in Different Countries

Most of the countries are still confused about the extent up to which foreign participation can be allowed. Everybody has the opinion that international trade can help the development of the economy and infrastructure in a country. Critiques of foreign participation argue that the big foreign retailers will exploit the wealth of a country and the small scale industries of a country will be destroyed by allowing the entry of foreign business tycoons and MNC’s. It is interesting to analyze the pros and cons of international trade.
From the above light green curve, it is clear that international trade has increased gradually from 1994 till 1997. In 1998 through international trade in this region had decreased a bit, it aga...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

...Context of the Paper To begin with, the of the paper is very much apt for the content. Although the could have come up with a more direct title, the title “Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites. A randomized controlled trial” captures the essence of the paper and what the authors aim to address. They, however, could have made it more direct to the point by maybe saying that the study is about a comparison between 3 day cannula re-sites and cannula re-sites as dictated by clinical condition. Nonetheless, the chosen t title is suitable enough to briefly inform the reader of the topic of the research. Two hypotheses were tested in this paper. There are two groups that were compared in the paper... of the Paper ...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Multinational Companies and Their Impact on the Host Countries

...MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES AND THEIR IMPACT UPON THE HOST COUNTRIES 2009 One of the main tendencies characteristic of the world economy at the present stage of its development is its globalisation. This phenomenon is of dubious character, and whereas some think that this process is highly beneficial as it provides opportunities for developing countries, as well as advantages for both producers and customers, there are also critics who speak of risks connected with globalisation and emerging as a result of insufficient social and environmental responsibility of global companies. (Globalization, Minima Moralia, and the Responsibilities of Multinational Companies, 2004) Regardless of one’s attitude towards globalisation one has to admit...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

Developing of the Central African Republic

CAR is known to be one of the poorest nations in the African continent, apart from its frequent dependence on international donations in terms of food, clothing and medicinal supplies, CAR has also been a war zone for decades. The essay will relay more information on the various plights that children born in the Central African Republic go through while growing up.
Apart from most of the children being orphaned at a tender age due to maternal related problems or diseases such as HIV/AIDS, which is rampant in the nation, most of these children are victims of child trafficking, which is big business in the CAR (Lindborg). Lots of children from as little as 4 years normally go missing without a trace and the fact that the govern...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

Developing a Good Transportation System

... many positive changes in the living standard of people and the organization of the society hence has a great influence in the development of civilization by meeting the travel requirements of people and transportation of goods and services to areas where they are urgently required. Therefore, transportation has changed the way people live and travel in developed and developing countries where a large fraction of people travels every day to work, shop and any other social reasons. However, transport also uses many resources such as time, fuel material and land. Therefore, transport has contributed to three main roles such as economic, social and political role. a) Economic role...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

Developing an Entrepreneurial Enterprise

Entrepreneurship is a process of identifying a business opportunity and gathering the required resources to start up a business.
There are different sources of business ideas that an individual can adapt depending on the market. The creative skills of an entrepreneur enable him or her to come up with a great business idea that will cater to the untapped demand in the market. There are different sources of business ideas that can be used by an entrepreneur who is developing his or her entrepreneurial enterprise. For instance, an individual can be able to identify the potential of the market and business opportunity by observing the market trends. Newspapers, magazines and attending trade fairs and exhibitions also help in gene...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Caesarean Section in Developed and Developing Countries for FREE!

Contact Us