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Hypertention or Prostate Cancer - Research Paper Example

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Research Paper on Prostate Cancer Name of Student (author) ID Number: Professor’ Name: Name of School (University) Word Count: 1,795 excluding abstract (194) Research Paper on Prostate Cancer Abstract This paper talks on a disease that is exclusive to males only which is prostate cancer…
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Hypertention or Prostate Cancer
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Download file to see previous pages Prostate cancer is a second leading cause of death among men after lung cancer, primarily from smoking. The paper also discusses some basic anatomy related to the prostate gland and the cancer itself. The disease is described in greater detail as well as the various symptoms and also the treatments that are available today with the aid of more modern and accurate detection methods. The last part of the paper gives the current state of prostate cancer research which has shown big strides. This paper deals with everything that is related to prostate cancer today. Keywords: cancer, detection, gland, prevention, prostate, research, symptoms, treatment Introduction The human body is an intricate and very complex system of tissues and organs that has an amazing capacity to rejuvenate itself and maintain a dynamic equilibrium called as homeostasis. Entire body systems such as the circulatory, respiratory and reproductive systems are examples of this ability to maintain a stable condition. Ailments are symptoms of something that has gone awry with these body systems such that these were not able to return to equilibrium as expected. This paper talks about a peculiar anatomical part that is present in human males only which is the prostate gland and highlights prostate cancer which is quite common among men. Discussion Prostate Gland – this is a small compound exocrine gland which performs vital functions in the human male anatomy in terms of chemical, physiological and sexual characteristics. It is a small organ that produces and stores a slightly alkaline fluid that constitutes some 20%-30% of the seminal fluid volume during ejaculation. The alkalinity helps the spermatozoa to survive the acidity of the vaginal environment. Prostatic secretions are made up mostly of just simple sugars such as fructose and about one percent of protein. However, it contains a lot of zinc which can be 1,000 times that of the zinc found in human blood. The prostate produces dihydrotestosterone but needs other hormones produced by the testicles to work properly and allow the male to exhibit the male characteristics such as growing a beard or mustache. The average human male prostate gland weighs about 11 grams and is the size of a walnut. It surrounds the first portion of the urethra called prostatic urethra near the base of the bladder (at the neck or its outlet for the drainage of urine). The prostate helps in control of urination and also in the ejaculatory process through the smooth muscles around it. Enlarged Prostate – this is usually just a normal part of the ageing process as men grow older and become less active. The medical term for this condition is benign (harmless) prostatic hyperplasia (over-genesis or over-production of certain cells) or BPH. This is usually a harmless condition caused by changing hormone levels and should not cause too much worry at all. BPH itself is not a symptom of cancer although it causes similar problems (Zorn & Gautam, n.d. p. 1) like reduced urination and sometimes pain as the enlarged prostate squeezes the urethral outlet. Incredibly, a male can survive and manage quite well without the prostate gland like that what happens when it is surgically removed during an operation called radical prostatectomy. Prostate ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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