We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Coping with HIV/AIDS in Canadian Men's penitentiaries - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
The prison environment has been identified as a high-risk environment for transmissions of the HIV/AIDS disease; yet, adequate measures of tackling the problem have not been effected in Canadian prison systems. Indeed, the prevalence rate of HIV in penitentiaries is ten times more than in the general population. …
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Coping with HIV/AIDS in Canadian Men's penitentiaries

Download file to see previous pages... Some factors that contribute to the high transmission of HIV include overcrowding, a culture of violence, lack of information regarding HIV and inadequate health facilities (Satpathy, p.223). According to the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (2008), some measures of preventing transmission have been employed in Canada, namely voluntary counseling and testing, needle exchange programs, Methadone Malignance treatment and bleach and condom distribution. Nevertheless, the Canadian authority is not handling the HIV and Aids epidemic in prisons properly compared to other developed countries.
Ainslie et al (1992) attribute the dire situation in Canadian prison systems to government’s inaction and notes that the situation can be improved through a comprehensive AIDS/Aids policy, which includes education and prevention programs, and support and medical services. However, Hankins (2006) notes that there is lack of political will to deal with HIV/Aids problem in Canadian correctional institutions. While the citizens’ attitudes regarding investing public resources to dealing with the problems is unclear.
Thesis statement: There are a high number of the prisoners infected with HIV/ Aids in Canadian prisons. Moreover, prisons have been identified as high risk environment, since transmission is increasing among incarcerated persons. In most Canadian male penitentiaries, basic HIV prevention and managing measures are limited or absent. However, the government and other not-for–profit institutions are aligning new policies and strategies of handling the problem.
HIV/AIDS situation in Canadian Men’s penitentiaries The HIV and Aids epidemic is providing a new and difficult challenge to many governments and prison administrators in the world. Studies have revealed that the prevalence of reported HIV cases is between two and eight percent of prisoners in Canada are living with HIV, which is at least 10 times higher than the prevalence of the virus in the general population (CSC, 2008). Additionally, there is an increase in number of new infection cases among incarcerated persons in correctional facilities. This situation is a major concern for the government and HIV/AIDS advocacy groups in Canada. However, ‘the Canada’s policy and legal response to HIV/Aids has generally been slow, cautious, and rational hence lacks HIV/Aids-specific legislation’ (Frankowski, p.63). The graph below demonstrates the number of reported cases of HIV infections among prisoners in provisional and federal corrections between 1989 and 2001. Source: Correctional Service of Canada. (2008). Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control in Canadian Federal Penitentiaries 2000-01. http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/pblct/infectiousdiseases/6-eng.shtml. According to Jurgens (2008), the high prevalence rates of HIV cases in prisons is mainly due to high-risk behaviors engaged by inmates before incarceration. Transmission of HIV and Aids in prison is mainly through sharing of drug injections, sexual activities, tattooing and violence. Despite drugs being illegal substances, incarcerated persons always access drugs while in prisons. Besides, most prisoners ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Aids/HIV epidemic in Swaiziland
AIDS has virtually devastated the country. In 2009 alone, around 7000 people died from AIDS. The survival of the country is in jeopardy if some drastic steps are not taken. In Swaziland, It is estimated to have approximately 190,000 cases of HIV positive, which includes 15,000 children under the age of 15.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
HIV and AIDS in Thailand
Since early 1990s, HIV and AIDS pandemic has been a generalized epidemic as bidirectional and sexually transmitted infection. The disease has, however, prediction of eventually becoming worse than even the plaque pandemic that stroke Europe and Asia in the historical dates (Karen 19).
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
AIDS is pandemic and encompasses many epidemics of different subtypes. The leading factor for its multiplication and spread include sexual transmission and vertical transmission where the fetus gets the disease from the mother (Kallings, 2008).
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Unlike the myths around, they are diseases that can infect anyone in spite of his or her race, gender, or age. Based on the period of discovery the diseases could be traced back in Africa from where it is believed to have developed and spread. They destroy the human immune system, specifically the CD4 bearing cells (CD4+ T cells and Macrophages).
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Epidemology of HIV/AIDS
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Accordingly, health professionals are medically bound in providing interventions appropriate to patients with HIV infections; “a virtuous act...affirming the moral mission of health care” (“Legal and Ethical Issues,” 2005). Majority of obligations that
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
HIV/AIDS disease

The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.

8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
HIV/AIDS and confidentiality
There is an exception to the ethical and legal obligation to confidentiality of HIV-related information. Doctors in the US are required to report AIDS and HIV infections to health authorities considering the benefits of this outweigh
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Coping with HIV/AIDS in Canadian Men's penitentiaries for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us