Universal healthcare refers to national healthcare programs which provide all citizens with access to healthcare. Various countries have a single-payer system based on the government paying for the healthcare services…
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Universal healthcare refers to national healthcare programs which provide all citizens with access to healthcare. Various countries have a single-payer system based on the government paying for the healthcare services.Universal or national healthcare systems are of three types: “national health insurance, national health system, and socialized health insurance” (Niles 299). The United States healthcare system is government funded and is employer-employee based. Citizens older than 65 years of age are provided 100% healthcare coverage with the Medicare program, while people younger than 65 years of age are provided with 82% coverage through “employer-based insurance, Medicaid, Indian Health Services, Veterans Administration (TRICARE) and the federal government employee program” (Niles 300). Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the concept of universal healthcare in relation to its global implementation, and examine the significance and implications of the Healthcare Bill in the United States. Universal Healthcare in Selected Countries National health insurance as in Canada is implemented through delivery of care by private providers but funding is by the government through general taxes. National health systems such as in Great Britain are based on provision of both healthcare and infrastructure for healthcare delivery by the government with the help of taxes. In socialized health insurance systems as in Japan and Germany, while private providers deliver healthcare, the government ensures that both employers and employees contribute financially to sickness funds at not-for-profit insurance companies who pay the healthcare providers (Niles 299). Switzerland’s unique healthcare system requires all residents to purchase health insurance; hence it may be considered to have universal healthcare coverage. However, individuals bear the entire cost of insurance plans, since Swiss employers do not provide or contribute to health insurance. France’s healthcare system which is considered to be an almost ideal one, is similar in some respects to that of Germany and Japan. The country’s expense on healthcare is the third most expensive in the world, at 11.1% of its gross domestic product. France has several health insurance funds regulated by the government, and overall provides universal healthcare coverage to nearly 99% of its citizens. Payroll taxes form the greatest sources of funding, while income taxes, general social contribution taxes on income, various revenues, and supplemental policies from private-for-profit health insurers generally paid for by employers. France’s national healthcare system pays 100% costs for 30 chronic health conditions including cancer and diabetes. Additionally, citizens who are very ill can avail of increased healthcare coverage; this is unlike the United States system “where individuals may go financially bankrupt because of their cost sharing during a chronic disease” (Niles 301). Despite France’s budget deficit caused by its healthcare system’s billion dollar deficit and other problems, comparatively, the French have the satisfaction level about their healthcare system. On the other hand, all countries including France have flaws in their universal health insurance systems. Similar to the United States, Japan’s elderly people use the healthcare system the most due to increased greying of the population. As a result, Japan’s healthcare expenditure is expected to rise dramatically in the next few years, like the U.S. Medicare program’s out-of-control expenditure. Similarly, Switzerland’s healthcare system is expensive, though it restricts exhorbitant charges. Universal Healthcare in the United States Establishing a universal healthcare system in the United States may not solve the problems of the system. The main difference between the U.S. and other countries pertain to the controls the governments of the latter place on “
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Universal health care system basically provides service requirements and health finances to the people of that country. This system was first introduced in 1883 in the health insurance bill presented by Bismarck’s social legislation in Germany.
There are times when implementation of new technology raises controversies as people resist the best solution for the society. The recent controversy in the US economy is about the Health care system of the country. The life expectancy of the US population is expected to increase over the years.
Of course, it is an imperfect solution, as it is limited and there are issues with security. This paper deals with virtual health care as compared to regular health care – the advantages, disadvantages, what it is and a conclusion about the two in comparison.
The right to healthcare is one of the essential prerequisites for every human being in order for them to live a healthy life and to get proper medical right in time of need. Many of the countries in the modern world provide universal health care system to their citizens and people from those nations are leading a comparatively healthy life than people in the US.
The U.S. approximately shells out USD 7,129 per capital for health insurance which is twice as much as other industrialized countries. Despite these staggering costs, the U.S. ranks in the low end when statistics such as life expectancy, mortality and both preventive and primary care.
Despite these drawbacks, United States continues to have one of the highest growth rates in healthcare spending amongst all developed countries as it spends more per capita as compared to other countries (Kaiser, Web). This raises the important issue of how the nation will manage to meet the cost of rigorous standards of healthcare it has visualized for its citizens in the immediate future.
Everyone agrees without a doubt that healthcare should be easily accessible for all, but that is where all agreements end. There is a huge debate on whether it would be wise to implement a Universal Healthcare System in the United States, and many people question whether it would be an appropriate remedy for America’s ailments.
Universal Health Care
The method through which the payments are facilitated for the health care extended to the citizens tend to vary much depending on the municipality or the country providing the universal health care. In the recent times with the ensuing of debates as to the right of the citizens to have a ready access to the health services, the concept of universal health care has gained much importance (Dixon & Scheurell, 2002).
s possible to meet he demands of a healthcare system and at the same time provide access to healthcare services in line conventional views of equity, within public spending constraints.
The study is essential because it provides an explanation of how universal healthcare
Rapid changes are occurring in healthcare organizations as they strive to adopt new technology, implement initiatives that affect quality improvements and institute performance plans. The management of public health institutions, therefore, needs an edge
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
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