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Diabetes mellitus - Literature review Example

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Approximately thirty one million people in the whole world die from the four major chronic, non-communicable diseases. The diseases are such as diabetes, cancer, respiratory disease and heart disease. …
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Diabetes mellitus
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Diabetes mellitus

Download file to see previous pages... Oxha.org). These diseases result to premature deaths (WHO 2005). Approximately eighty percent (80%) of the deaths occur in middle and low-income countries. In relation to other infectious diseases, chronic diseases claim lives of numerous individuals in developing countries. Chronic diseases have been on the rise for the past decades and concentrated in the developing countries. Diabetes has been recognized as the top chronic disease and has displaced some of the initial Global Burden of Disease’s forecasts “pessimistic scenario” [2] The chronic disease outlook is not promising. Chronic diseases in 2002 constituted 46% of deaths in developing countries. The deaths are projected to rise by 13 %( 59%) by 2030. This is inclusive of all world major regions. Hence, chronic diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus will continue rising as infectious diseases declines. For instance, in the Pacific and East Asia countries, mortality rates as a result of chronic diseases are expected to rise. On the contrary, mortality rates of infectious diseases are expected to decline [22] Diabetes Mellitus is one of the widespread chronic diseases. It is an endocrine disorder and results from insufficient release of insulin [21]. In addition to that, it can be caused due to the reduction in insulin sensitivity. For purposes of reducing its complication risks, an individual needs to undergo a continuous medical attention and care. It causes coronary artery, a disease known for causing death and new cases of kidney and blindness disease in grownups. Diabetes aggressive treatment and intensive treatment strategies aids in reducing its complication through earlier management and detection. Diabetes Types Diabetes is a condition characterized by a body not making proper utilization of carbohydrates in the food. The reason being that, the insulin produced by the pancreas is not adequate enough or it is ineffective thus making the body unable to utilize the food carbohydrates. Apart from inadequate insulin, diabetes can also be caused by pancreas diseases. However, they are extremely rare. There are two major types of diabetes namely Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes [23] Type 1 Diabetes This type develops when cells producing insulin in the pancreas gets destroyed. There exist no conventional reasons why these cells get damaged. However, the most obvious reason is the body showing a reaction that is abnormal to the cells. The abnormal reaction might be inflamed by a viral or existing body infection. Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as Insulin Dependent Diabetes (IDD). Individuals under the age of forty (40yrs) are susceptible to this type of diabetes. Nevertheless, it can occur under any age bracket [23]. Type 2 Diabetes Middle-aged individuals and older people are highly vulnerable to this type of diabetes. Most frequently, it is diagnosed among the younger overweight individuals. This type of diabetes is prevalent among the South Asian and African-Caribbean young aged people. Failure of the insulin produced by the body to work effectively is the principal cause of Type 2 diabetes. Individuals in medical field have described Type 2 diabetes wrongly via referring to it as mild diabetes. In that case, diabetes should be properly treated and taken seriously. Type 2 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes (NIDD)[23]. Diabetes Causes and Symptoms There exist various causes for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. In that case, the pancreas cells responsible for producing insulin get attacked by the body immune system. However, environmental factors such as viral infections ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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This literature review was always my weak point. I could never complete it well. Still, after I found this precise document, I understood how it should be completed. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the literature review in several hours, instead of weeks as it was previously.
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