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US Medicaid and Medicare program and Australian Medicare programs - Research Paper Example

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This paper takes a critical evaluation of the two countries’ health care cover programs and tries to make a comparison in the discussion as far as their application is concerned and considers the quality of both…
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US Medicaid and Medicare program and Australian Medicare programs
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Medicare is simply a social insurance structure that is administered by the government in the US and by the Australian government. It is aimed at providing health insuring to people that are over 65 years of age; those that are below 65 years but are physically disabled or those that exhibit congenital disability; or those that are classified under certain criteria. The system in the US almost has close resemblance to single-payer healthcare programs, although this is not. There are differences in the application of the Medicare programs between the US and the Australian governments. The main difference seems to come from the single-payer approach. Other differences come from the requirements set for enrolment in the program. While the US Medicare program targets certain age groups and the disable people or those with special needs, the Australian system seems to be all-inclusive (AHS). There is no dispute that everyone needs good health and deserves a medical insurance cover that is able to serve this purpose. However, the issues of socialism seem to crowd the decision-making process by the US government regarding this health program because historically, the US has been trying its best to cut links with socialism practices, even in issues that affect its citizens. This paper takes a keen look at the US Medicare or Medicaid programs and tries to compare this with the Australian Medicaid or Medicare programs to find out where they are similar and how the differences come in. however, whatever the differences or similarities, the importance of providing medical cover to people cannot be ignored (HHS). 2.0 Evaluation and Discussion The Medicaid program got enacted in the year 1965; just the same time the Medicare program was created in the US. This was through the Social Security Amendments of 1965. This program expanded quickly and happened to replace the other programs that had been organized under the Federal Grants to the various States within the US that had been providing medical care to many patients on welfare and those who were aged. In the US, the Medicaid program is more of an entitlement program and is jointly receiving funds from the Federal as well as the State funds. The contribution that comes from the Federal government towards every State depends heavily on the willingness shown by the State to give financing to the medical cover and in this case, a matching formula is employed. As has been seen, each of the States does design and manages its individual program but based on the rules set by the Federal government. This medical care program has been very demanding in terms of funding. For instance, in the year 2002 alone, the expenditure on ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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