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Setting up an Emergency Care Centre in Abuja, Nigeria - Essay Example

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The chief objective of the paper is to examine from a close setting, present situation of the health sector in Nigeria while comparing it some of the health indicators with other countries. From this close study of the Nigerian health sector, a rationale will be drawn, and the objectives derived…
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Setting up an Emergency Care Centre in Abuja, Nigeria
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Download file to see previous pages Emergencies are not always preventable and associated medical care may be required under varying circumstances, and patients may range from peasants living in remote rural areas, to factory workers from city slums, to those from the higher echelons of society. The rendition of emergency care services may extend from transportation of the patient to the care facilities by the common people and taxi drivers, to transportation by medical professionals trained for meeting emergencies. Looking at the diverse range of requirements that may arise in emergency care services, the government must necessarily use strategic innovation and appropriate planning of public health policies, as regards this issue. Fig 1: An overview of the EMS (Source: Kobusingye, et al., 2006, 1262). Fig 2: The Emergency Medical Care Pyramid showing various types, from non-emergency conditions at the base to the serious types, where the patient’s life is at risk (Source: Kobusingye, et al., 2006, 1262). All emergencies require medical care and attention due as first-response, but not all patients (those at the bottom of the pyramid- fig 2) must necessarily be shifted to a special hospital. While the specialized units take care of complex situations, the facilities with a lower level set-up can handle a large variety of medical conditions in the presence of adequately trained technicians, and medical equipment. It is not compulsory for a physician to be present and administer emergency care, as long as the lower level facilities can provide well-trained personnel to handle the less serious cases (Disease Control Priorities Project, 2008, 1). There are a number of...
This essay discusses that the major step in making EMS cost effective in income poor nations like Nigeria is, cutting down on the prehospital time, by immediately notifying the EMS; a quick response from the vehicular services; judicious time usage at the site of the incident, and fast transfer to any specialized unit.
Another important aspect is the proper training of the medical personnel working in EMS.India is a case study in this regards, and have successfully trained many of its personnel in trauma management.However, a majority of the poor income nations like Nigeria avoid such training owing to high costs prohibitive costs. In India, the National Trauma ManagementCourse has worked out a method to bypass the exorbitant costs of training the medical personnel. Here “an indigenous two-day course developed in India by the Academy of Traumatology (India) with the help of international peers. The curriculum takes into account local conditions and capabilities. The cost is US$50 per trainee, and the course is taught by local trainers to a group of 100 trainees at a time. Animal specimens are used to teach life-saving procedures instead of expensive commercially produced manikins. More than 2,000 health professionals have been trained in less than three years. The course has now become a national training standard for immediate trauma care in India”
Thus, we find that there are many ways to create an effective EMS within a country (even within a poor-income nation like Nigeria), using different cost effective measures. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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