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CVC Infection Problem - Essay Example

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This paper presents a literature overview of the theme related to the challenges of CVC infection problem and correlate it with the problem of nursing practices. Such issues, as CVC insertion, hygiene, compliance with general norms, regulations and recommendations are considered…
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CVC Infection Problem

Download file to see previous pages... This research aims to evaluate and present researches and studies in the field of central venous catheter (CVC) related infection, post-insertion care and CDC guidelines that have been lately crucially important for the medical staff and nurses. CVC "is any catheter with its tip inserted into a large central vein such as the superior or inferior vena cava, the femoral iliac, subclavian, or jugular veins”. A large central vein is used to insert a central venous catheter, which is the vascular infusion site used for CVC, blood aspiration, massive fluid infusion, renal replacement therapy, medication administration, nutrition, and right heart catheterization. There are the following options of CVC insertion: tunneled (inserted via two small incisions on a chest: one is a few inches above a nipple and another is under a collarbone, peripherally inserted (the end of the catheter lies in a large vein near your hear) or implanted ports (are surgically placed under the skin, usually on the upper chest, and the catheter is threaded into the venous system). The common insertion sites are femoral, subclavian, and internal jugular veins. The central venous catheter is connected with risk for infection that can increase morbidity and mortality and the cost of care. In England, approximately 6,000 patients per year may acquire a catheter-related blood stream infection and the estimated cost to treat these infections exceeds 6,000 pounds per infection. (Waghorn, 1994; National Audit Office, 2004). Similarly, in the United States, the estimate is up to 16,000 ICU patients per year with treatment costs per infection estimated to range from $3,700 to $29,000. Annually, 500 to 4,000 patients die of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (Mermal, 2000). In Europe, almost 12% of healthcare-associated infections are bloodstream infec ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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