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Significance of Maritime Issues in the Indian Ocean in Terms of Security and Stability - Term Paper Example

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The author states that maritime issues in the Indian Ocean in terms of over roll global security and stability allow for smooth operations in the Ocean coastline. Moreover, trade activities in the region develop with the implementation of security issues along with maritime jurisdictions…
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Significance of Maritime Issues in the Indian Ocean in Terms of Security and Stability
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Download file to see previous pages In terms of geographical coordinates, the Indian Ocean is located between 20 00S and 80 00 E (Rumley, 2013, p. 12). Moreover, the Ocean connects many other countries and hence generating many global security issues and stability aspects. It is accessible to many people and, therefore, affected by several activities. The diagram below shows the location of the Indian Ocean on the world map

The total area of the Indian Ocean is 68.556 million sq. Km was comparative to 5.5 times the total size of the US with a coastline of 66, 526 km. Consequently, the climate of the area changes depending on the time of the year. Northeast Monsoon winds occur between December to April while Southeast Monsoon wind occurs between June to October across the Ocean. Besides, tropical cyclones occur in the months of May and June and October and November in the northern Indian Ocean. Southern Indian Ocean winds occur in January and February of the year. The winds create and generate climate changes within the Ocean, as they pull different climatic conditions. This attracts various maritime issues in the Indian Ocean, which affects security and stability in the ocean.

The terrain of the Indian Ocean dominates by counterclockwise gyre that includes broad, circular systems of currents across the ocean. The currents dominate mainly in the southern part of the Ocean, while the reversal of surface currents occurs in the northern sector of the Indian Ocean across it is the terrain. The terrain of the ocean develops low atmospheric pressure across Southeast Asia initiated from hot and rising summer air results. The air results of southeast monsoon and southwest to northeast currents and winds causes’ pressure across northern Asia developed from winter air results with falling cold winds. Above all, the terrain produces an ocean floor that dominates in the middle of the Indian Ocean ridge. Additionally, the ocean floor subdivides in the southern, eastern part of the ocean ridge (Buzan, 2012, P. 15). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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