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Urbanisation in Developing Countries - Coursework Example

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"Urbanisation in Developing Countries" paper discusses the phenomenon of informal settlements in general though several illustrations of the most prevalent nations and regions are not given. It clearly defines the effects of the development of informal settlements on environmental issues. …
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Urbanisation in Developing Countries
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Download file to see previous pages The settlements may contain thousands of dwellings, which are characterized by insufficient infrastructure, poor access to fundamental services such as roads, education, and health facilities, unsuitable living environments, large and uncontrolled populations, insufficient dwellings, and lack of proper and effective municipal administration among other social problems. Informal settlements have become a norm in Africa, Asia, Nigeria, South Africa, India, and China (Huchzermeyer 2004, 76). The major problems brought about by informal settlements in urban regions are:

A good example is the growth of informal settlements in Montego Bay in Jamaica. Though such settlements help low-income individuals solve their problem of housing their households and the informal settlement at the same time also ha adverse effects on the environment. Tremendous costs are involved in the neighborhoods as well as the whole city in terms of environmental problems that intimidate household health and the region’s economic base, which is the tourism sector. These environmental problems exist in the form of insufficient or no provision of tar marked roads, chemically treated piped water, poor sanitation, and irresponsible littering of garbage for a high percentage of those living in such settlements (Glossary of Environment Statistics).

In a country like Algeria, the experience of informal settlements is one of the significant areas of magnitude. Spontaneous campsites came to exist during the colonization period by the French. Built on the border of the planned colonial city, such sites served as a shelter for the underprivileged and poor populations. After Algeria gained independence, there was a rapid entry of rural migrants to cities and this resulted in a housing shortage, which led to the explosion of urbanization all over the Algerian cities. Today, Algeria is one of the countries with large populations of informal settlements (UN Habitat 2010, 162)

Several governments all over the globe have tried dealing with settlements through urban development.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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