Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Research Progress Report - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
However, opinions begin to diverge at the point of defining the term. Some people believe that citizen participation is “self-help”. Others think it is “citizen engagement”,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Research Progress Report
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Research Progress Report"

Download file to see previous pages There are several vehicles that authorities can employ to realize the genuine, effective participation of citizens in the governance process. One such vehicle is community councils.
Following the amalgamation of Toronto in 1998, six community councils were established. The community councils were meant to serve as the platform for “participating” the residents of Metropolitan Toronto, the new amalgamated city. The notion of "amalgamation" entails merging smaller local authorities with one larger municipality to form one large metropolitan area. Promoters of city amalgamations argue that it is more cost-effective to provide services and goods to one larger municipality than in several small local government areas(Schwartz, 2010). However, many scholars are of the view that amalgamation has not worked for Toronto and that the community councils are weak. This paper compares the Toronto model with two others: New York and Montreal. Scholars consider New York a success and Montreal, like Toronto, a failure. Based on the findings of the case studies, the author recommends two reform options for Toronto.
Until 1997, Toronto had a two-tier regional government. The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto comprised the upper tier while the lower tier comprised the municipalities of North York, East York, Scarborough and Toronto and the borough of York. In late 1996, the premier of Ontario proposed the amalgamation of Metropolitan Toronto. They argued that the move could save $645 million during the transition and $300 million a year afterthat (Schwartz, 2010). However, a report by KPMG revealed that the transition cost the government of Ontario $275 million while they managed to save only $135 million a year. As of 2008, the city’s budget stood at $8.1 billion, up from $5 billion in 1997. Only the number of politicians fell, but increases in the councilors staff and office budgets have canceled any cost ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Research Progress Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Research Progress Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Research Progress Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Research Progress Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Research Progress Report Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Research Progress Report

Comparative politics research project

15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Explain Vince Rizzo's search for identity in the movie City Island

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Buying Behavior & Market Analysis

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Factors affecting inflation rate Oman

5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Architecture history exam

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Porters Five Forces of Kitchen Best

8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Black Book movie 2006 (European film CRITIQUE)

2 Pages(500 words)Movie Review

The Roles of 3 Key Participants in the Property Development Process In Australia

Security is of primary concern to people living in new small townships that are mushrooming all over Australia under the impact of rapid urbanization and high-density population. While architects are seen taking a proactive role in property development, others are cutting across traditional routines and creating a new role for themselves as designer-developers.

Architects, property developers, and town planners here in Australia see the true picture of the international partnership developed between these three key players in property development abroad and are now trying to implement them here. Despite differences, these players are working in unison to create world-class infrastructures.
“The economic and d...
8 Pages(2000 words)Report

Methodological Approach in a Quantitative Research

... assumes priority and significance since the disease is a progressively degenerating one if not properly treated and controlled through interventionists measure and self-management methods. Considering the fact that individual patients have to evolve their own self-management routines by knowing about their bodies and how it would react to situations and circumstances, the aspect of self-management could be seen in terms of how effective strategies are evolved by individual patients to put minimum risk upon themselves, and others in coping with their arthritic conditions. (Good acre, 2006, P 7-14). The reliability of the research study could be seen in terms of its ultimate results in which it was stated that interventionist strategies...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Provisions for Gas, Electricity, and Water Markets

The traditional regulation relied on the static concept of competition in which the perfectly competitive markets are in equilibrium and, when that equilibrium is disturbed, move to equilibrium. This traditional approach has been eschewed in most of the British privatised utilities. However, it has a crucial problem. It requires the would-be regulator to identify the outcome of a perfectly competitive market which is impossible therefore the approach has no firm anchor and leads on to arbitrary regulation (on opinions).

At the time of privatisation, the traditional approach was already in some disrepute and the founding fathers of British regulation were searching for another anchor and, in particular, a means of regul...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Investment Appraisal and Management Control

...Investment Appraisal and Management Control Introduction: Businesses have to make large investments every year. Investments are generally made on buildings, office equipments, transport, etc. It is very essential that management make informed decisions on every investment made since these decisions are not easily reversible, and involve large sums of money, are very futuristic, and have long-term consequences (Bott, 2008). All decisions made by the management affect the company’s revenue in one way or another. Hence, it is important that managers are aware of the consequences of every decision they take, be it, buying a computer for a small company or a vehicle for delivery of goods, or manufacturing plant for the company... Appraisal...
14 Pages(3500 words)Report

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

...Introduction: The major ethical issue that any organization is facing today is sexual harassment. Sexual harassment in the workplace is one of the main reasons of employee turnover. Sexual harassment is seen in many ways and is the unwelcome sexual advances or physical conduct of sexual nature. This is known to public in rare cases due to fear, unawareness, and employee turnover itself. Many of the workers are unaware of the rules against sexual harassment. Therefore, management should take a well-defined policy to fight against sexual harassment. Management has the duty to ensure safe and comfortable working environment for achieving the company’s target. It is important to enforce the policy adopted against sexual harassment... The major...
8 Pages(2000 words)Report

Critical Review of General Electric

... vision of technical leadership are services, customer focus, growth platforms and globalization. Each of them are linked ultimately to maintaining the technical leadership that G.E. is widely famous for. The company invests aggressively in research and development to create technical breakthroughs that redefine markets, bring higher margins and bring new products and designs to the consumer. Its obsession with innovation is the fear that todays innovations will become commodities next year that will erode profit margins and wipe out its technological advantages. Its services sector is more on after-sales service in the areas of power generation, locomotion, flight and delivery of medical imaging equipment. The idea is to help... General...
12 Pages(3000 words)Report
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Research Progress Report for FREE!

Contact Us