Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper seeks to explain how the chiefdoms of Pre-Colombian Caribbean were closely related to those of Northern South America than Mesoamerica. Social organization in the pre-Colombian era rose from the development of trade, agriculture and the need to organize defensive against other communities…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms"

The chiefdoms of the Pre-Colombian Caribbean were closely related to those of Northern South America. They were different from the Mesoamerican state because of the societal classification that existed. Before the arrival of the European communities, Costa Rica was inhabited by diverse groups of people who had diverse cultures. It was principally divided into the intermediate are (asthma-Colombian area) and the Mesoamerican area. The asthma-Colombian area included the Caribbean and South America. On the other hand, the Mesoamerican area extended from Chiapas and the Yucatan Peninsula to the Nicoya Peninsula (Diehls 17).

The intermediate area was made up of different societies that were ruled by different chiefdoms. However, these communities would form alliances, vassalages and community ties despite lacking a sole authority. This enhanced the exchange of culture and rules of community organization in these different societies. On the other hand, the Mesoamerican area was governed by a sole chiefdom (Adams 12). There was no specific interaction between the Intermediate and the Mesoamerican area.

The pre-Colombian society also shared key characteristics with the northern South America society. Unlike Mesoamerica, society was organized based on hereditary chiefdoms. The boundaries of the chiefdoms in pre-Colombia and Northern South America were demarcated by prominent geographical features or rivers. Most of the settlements were demarcated by forests. The eldest son was accorded the inheritance of chieftainship. This tradition was embraced by all of the non-Mesoamerican chiefdoms (Adams 34).
Another similarity of Pre-Colombian society with northern South American chiefdoms was in the housing structure. Grandchildren, children, and parents lived under the same roof. This implied that clan houses harbored as many as 100 inhabitants (Bruhns 83). Like the chief himself, the brothers of a chief were allowed to possess multiple wives. From the above evidence, one can deduce that the chiefdoms of Pre-Colombian Caribbean were more closely related with those of Northern South America than those of Mesoamerica. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms Essay, n.d.)
Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms Essay. Retrieved from
(Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms Essay)
Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms Essay.
“Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms

Joe Salatino, President of Great Northern American

...The case study of Joe Salatino, President of Great Northern American, enlightens the success process of the organization. It highlights the measures and processes that Salatino adopted to motivate his employees in order to enhance the achievements of Great Northern American. It portrays the fact that in spite of having a sales force of 30 employees, Salatino was still able to achieve success and effectively compete with its competitors. Why Joe’s employees need to understand the importance of how people form perceptions and make attributions?  Perception is a process which involves the recognition and interpretation of stimuli which register our senses. It relates to how...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Confederacies and Chiefdoms the letter by the members of the confederacies and the chiefdoms. However, there are many aspects of the two forms of political organization, which differentiates them. The reason behind the formation of the confederacy and the chiefdoms is different. First, the major difference between the confederacies and the chiefdoms is the societies or communities that constituted each form of political organization. While the confederacies were mainly established by the warring communities and tribes, the chiefdoms were mainly formed by the rather peaceful hunter and gathering communities (Milner, 2006). For example, the Iroquois confederacy was established by...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

American Society

...175676 INTRODUCTION In the American society, Black and White communities represent the Minority and Majority respectively. Though they started ina very rough way to live together, after centuries of grief and unhappiness, they seem to be coming to a certain understanding. They are showing compatibility and the Minority is trying hard to adjust itself into the Majority white society, while Majority is definitely showing the willingness of eradicating the past wrongs. The current study is about the agonizing past and hopeful present social landscapes in America. The study gains importance because there are claims today that a new kind of racism is cropping up in America, which is not...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Pre-Colombian America

...Pre-Colombian America In the history as well as prehistory of America which marks the years before the arrival of the Europeans and the following colonial expansion of the nation, we find the existence of various cultures and indigenous cultures. The great era before Columbus arrived in the continent was marked by the indigenous people and their cultures which had their own uniqueness and other features. Their contributions to the cultural make up of the land are always forgotten as the ethno-history is often overshadowed by the conventional anthropological representation of the people. Making of history is partially denying of the same. “As social relations are politicized, history tends to be “made” by...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

American Literature: Tim O'Brien book Northern lights

...weakening of the tectonic plates that support society. As those at the top of society, or at least most distant from its violence, turn a deaf ear to the struggles that go on around them, and that their politicians often countenance and even initiate for nefarious reasons, the civility, and even the survival, of our society encounters grave risk. And so when we read Northern Lights, we read about wars, battles, and struggles that are common to us all. Humanity has shown a depressing ability to persist with those struggles and yet survive. Northern Lights represents one author’s desire to live a different way – a more peaceful, honest and open...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Pre-colombian history 2

...Here Your Here Here December 17, 2007 Pre-Colombian History Ritual Sacrifice Ritual sacrifice was a common practice,especially among the Aztec people, which represented the murder of another human being during a formal ceremony. For instance, the Aztecs would often bring their captured enemies (or their own citizens) to the peak of the temple where their bodies would be slashed and mutilated for the sake of pleasing the divine deities. The ritualistic aspect of these human sacrifices was a common element of the Pre-Colombian lifestyle, in which many in society would participate and support. Hearts, while still beating, were often removed to honor various...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparing Pre-Colombian and African Art

...The two art pieces I have chosen for the analysis are an Egungun Mask of African art and a Seated Figure of Pre-Columbian art. I picked these two particular items because they both picture a human face. So this common feature should help to understand the major differences and similarities in the way African and Pre-Columbian artists were creating their artwork. According to the information given by the Denver Art Museum, the Egungun Mask of an unknown artist was created for ceremonial use in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Members of the Egungun Society used such masks at masquerades for honoring deceased ancestors. Such ceremonies were held annually or biannually. It can be seen that the piece...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper


...Afro-Colombian Thesis: Afro-Colombian Slavery and legal discrimination from 1520s to 1991 led to socio-economic inequality, social conflict and violence in modern Colombian society. I. A. Afro-Colombian enslavement and legal discrimination (1520s to 1991) According to Peter Wade in his contribution to the Encyclopedia of World Cultures, the onset of 1520s saw the arrival of slaves from Africa to the northern coast of New Grenada. This ‘shipment’ from Africa was as a result of a fast-declining Indian labor. The supply of Indian slaves was scant and there arose a need to bring in a more stable source of cheap labor. Cartagena, the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Thesis

American society

...Rent Seeking in American Financial Instutions and its Impact on Economic Productivity Rent seeking is a behavior by firms to seek only to make maximum profit without benefiting any other stakeholder such as the customers, the employees or even the society in general. Banks in America have been seen to apply this in the past. The rent seeking behavior has been discussed in this paper with regard to the way it affects the economy. The 2008-2012 economic recession in USA that overflew to the rest of the world also discussed in the context of rent seeking by the American banks. It became clear that the rent seeking behavior has a very negative impact on the American economy....
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Pre-Colombian Society and Northern South American Chiefdoms for FREE!

Contact Us