Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Professor Course Date Kalamazoo River Oil Spill The Alliance for Great Lakes (AGL) is a great advocate for environmental conservation, the main concern being water resources in the United States. AGL is on the forefront in the fight for a cleaner environment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill"

Download file to see previous pages It stretches across several states, and drains into Lake Michigan. The rivers course covers about 178 miles and its median flow is about 2000 cubic feet per second. The archeological artifacts show the use of this river by humans for a period of over 10000 years. The river is home to abundant aquatic life and a natural habitat for several fish species. It has ponds and a natural scene that is conducive for most aquatic invertebrates. The river has though undergone a lot of pollution from industrial wastes in the past. Despite the continued efforts to clean the river of industrial wastes, the presence of chemicals left behind by previous pollution is still a setback to the efforts. A major oil spill that occurred in the Kalamazoo River in 2010 spelled a major disaster as a broken pipeline leaked a million gallons of diluted bitumen into the river. The occurrence sparked the most costly cleanup operation in the history of the United States. It took over 750 million dollars to clean up the leak, but the long term effects still remain to date. The Alliance for Great Lakes blames the leaks on companies trying to minimize costs and use of substandard pipelines, which lack proper maintenance. Oil spills are a major cause of worry in relation to the effects they have on the environment, oil in its form inhibits penetration of gases and can easily suffocate marine by cutting oxygen supply. After the oil spill, the Kalamazoo had dead fish all over the surface; fishing activities ban for some time affected the livelihood of the people. Enbridge Energy Partners came under criticism, as they owned the pipeline. The effects of the Kalamazoo oil spill are both direct and indirect. The spill led to the closure of sections of the river for dredging. The dredging works cost Enbridge more than the insurance cover they had undertaken and was subject to many legal battles. They also came under public criticism due to closure of sections which used by many people. The slow pace of the cleanup exercise too attracted public criticism and dissatisfaction. It ended up bringing back the subject of pollution experienced previously on the river, according to a survey AGL conducted people complained of companies being allowed time to conduct more research on the effects rather than concentrating on removal of the toxic wastes from the river. The presence of carcinogenic chemicals like polychlorinated biphenyl’s from wastes of landfills left by paper mills from recycled carbonless paper a now illegal chemical. Despite a major cleanup exercise, AGL believes everything changed after the leak. Some people vacated the area; others still live in uncertainty and are unsure of what long-term effects to expect. The land along the shores soaks with oil and solid materials still float along the riverbed. The scars of the disastrous spill are still visible. The period it takes to clean up an oil spill completely is hard to tell especially on such a large water body. The effect on wildlife is under research and turtles and ducks submerged in oil. The effect of this oil coating on feathers and turtle shells is may cause a change in breeding patterns, a negative effect on the animal’s reproduction or even damage to organs in their bodies. The uncertainty breeds anxiety on the actual impact expected to result. There is a drastic change in the food chain, and already there is a drastic reduction of fish in the most affected parts of the river. Certain insects ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Kalamazoo River PCB Content or Oil Spill Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Kalamazoo River PCB Content or Oil Spill Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill

Mexican Gulf Oil Spill

... it is not possible for a company as big as British Petroleum to stop the oil spill. The underwater oil spill is also more damaging than other types of drilling disasters, because it is very difficult to clean the rivers and seas that are affected by the oil spill. British Petroleum had to handle this situation, as it was no less than a public relations disaster. The company had to take tough decisions to protect its reputation, as it was getting a bashing from media, environmental groups, and public. The company first tried to dial down the situation and took a position that the oil spill is not as big as people think it is. The potential damage of the oil spill was dialed down by the company. The company also took steps to curb the damage...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

British Petroleum Oil Spill

...? British Petroleum Oil Spill, Table of Contents Introduction 1 Discussion of concepts and theories used to analyze the case  2. The case  2.1 Context  Background information about the case  2.2 Data  Description of corporate disclosure vehicles chosen for analysis 2.3 Methodology  Discussion of the categories of analysis used to analyze the corporate texts 3. Findings  3.1 Summary of findings of your analysis  4. Conclusion  4.1 Discussion of findings in context of theory and prior literature 5. References 1. Introduction  1.1 Theories used in case analysis The paper talks about the oil spill caused by British Petroleum’s (BP) in 2010 that occurred in the Mexican Gulf and caused irreparable damage to the environment and life in and around...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Gulf Oil Spill Paper

...?  Gulf Oil Spill Paper                Gulf Oil Spill Paper Question There were different forms of air and water pollutants which occurred because of the oil spill. A large constituent of the fresh oil that was spilled on the surface of Gulf of Mexico dispersed into the environment and was broke down by the sun. The air pollutants were made up of hydrocarbon fumes, for example, naphthalene, toluene, and benzene, and smoke. On the other hand, the water pollutants were made up of the oil which leaked out of the rig and the extinct creatures which trashed the Gulf after the oil spill. Both the air and water pollutants are primary pollutants (Norse & Amos, 2010). This is because the hydrocarbon fumes, smoke, and the oil are released...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Gulf Oil Spill

...? Black Waters: A Discussion of the BP Oil Spill Due Introduction The world we live in can be an amazing,awe inspiring place. It can be visually breathtaking, from ocean views to the humbling perspectives from high cliffs or deep below the waves of the seas. With the implementation of advancing science and technology human being have come to learn more and more about the planet humanity calls home. However, as beautiful and amazing as it can be, it can, also, be a forced to be reckoned with. Tornadoes, monsoons, earthquakes, and tsunami’s crash down upon human society leaving little in its wake. These kinds of natural disasters damage property, displace lives, as well as, harm and kill. These events are bad enough, but there are other...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

2010 BP oil spill

It was under lease of British Petroleum. At the time of the explosion, drilling was going on for an exploratory well at depths of about 5000 feet. The well was almost complete; cementing was being carried out by the Halliburton Energy Services after which the well could be used as a subsea producer later. However, this did not happen. On 20th April, 2010, methane gas shot up from the well all the way to the rig. It expanded on the platform, caught fire and the rig exploded. All but eleven workers were saved through rescue efforts and lifeboats. An oil leak was found on April 22, when oil started surfacing from the location of the rig. According to official estimates of August 2, about 62000 barrels of oil per day has escaped the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

The oil spill incident of Exxon Valdez oil tanker in the year 1989 had occurred in the Alaska. The disaster occurred when the tanker had struck the Bligh Reef in the Prince William Sound in Alaska. The location being a remote one and the intensity of the disaster being huge, the government had to encounter difficulties in reaching at the location for the cleanup process. Only helicopters and boats could reach the location. It was in the Prince William Sound’s region and the fishing industry in the area was significantly affected along with the food chain in the region, as well as birds and other sea species. The effects were severely obtained in species like the harbor porpoises and sea lions, and several varieties of whales, and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

BP Oil Spill

...BP Oil Spill BP Oil Spill British Petroleum is a worldwide gas and oil company; it is the third largest energy company in the world. The track records of BP regarding corporate social responsibility have not been very clear. They have been involved in a number of chief environmental and safety issues and have faced a lot of criticism due to this issue. Oil spills in the water bodies along the gulf coast of Florida have become quiet frequent due to the oil rigs of BP that are located at the gulf coasts. Tourism industry has been badly affected due to these oil spills. And the city managers and commissioners are in great dilemma regarding this issue. The commissioners have shown their concern that if the oil washes up to the coast...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Bp oil spill

...The BP Oil Spill The BP Oil Spill One of the major environmental to occur over recent years is the Bp oil spill which is also known as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill or the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. This disaster occurred in the year 2010 and as one can tell from the last name, happened in the Gulf of Mexico. The oil spill is considered to be the largest marine calamity in history in relation to petroleum spillage and led to immense repercussions for Bp, the company that was running this particular oil rig. Apart from the environmental repercussions, the accident also resulted in the loss of 11 lives who were employees who were in close proximity when the rig exploded (Robertson & Krauss, 2010). As a result of the explosion, an oil gusher...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Oil spill

...Oil spills associated hazards and cleaning Kingston (2002), comments that crude oil is one of the most important fossil fuels on earth. Since not allthe nations of the world are equally endowed with oil, hence for export and import oil is often carried through ships or through pipe lines. If met with an accident; oil gets spilled in sea and mostly remains on the surface of the sea water; though some of the oil gets carried down to the sea surface by sinking sands and clay and might form tar balls. It is worth mentioning that oil spill might also happen through irresponsible oil discharge to the sea water by the carriers (Operational Discharges of oil, 2014) but the writer has not mentioned that. The author proceeds to state that oil...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

BP Oil Spill

...BP OIL SPILL al Affiliation) BP OIL SPILL ANALYSIS Introduction Apart from the mobilization of a supply chain consisting of emergency goods of an unmarked value, the BP team in charge of supply chains had to depend on global chain suppliers following the 2010 deep-water horizon spill of oil catastrophe. The accident that happened at the Gulf of Mexico received response from many organizations aiming to contain the situation. The supply chain team played a key role. According to Waters (2011), the main challenge that the supply chain faced was to secure the nearby regions and the offshore response. Several actions were done by the team to prevent the natural ecosystem from being affected by the oil spill.6500 vessels had been used...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Peppermint Oil

Though IBS is rarely associated with any mortality, patients with irritable bowel syndrome often have a poorer quality of life due to its chronic, relapsing nature, increased morbidity and higher health care utilization than persons without the disorder. Although the cause of the disorder is not fully understood, manometric studies have shown that disordered bowel motility may be responsible for causing some of the symptoms. Diagnostic Criteria for IBS as described by Thompson et al (1999) is as follows:
conventional therapy, comprising of dietary changes like increasing dietary fiber intake, etc, and drugs such as anticholinergics, antispasmodics, and sedatives are often not significantly effective and may not be tolerated b...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Investigating the Viscosity of Vegetable Oil

Vegetable oils are essentially esters of glycerol and fatty acids derived from plant and animal sources. Due to the difference in the composition of fatty acids in different types of oils, there are differences in their viscosities also. Most vegetable oils are liquid at ambient temperatures; and are also more viscous than aqueous solutions (Lewis: 132).
In several food processing operations, it is essential to determine the viscosity of the fluid being processed so that the most suitable equipment can be selected. The viscosity may change considerably during some operations such as heating, cooling, homogenization, concentration and industrial fermentations by molds. When planning these processes, these viscosity changes nee...
11 Pages(2750 words)Article

Oil Prices by OPEC and Market Fundamentals

Market failure is defined as the inefficient allocation of resources by the market, the free market is considered to optimally prices and resources in the production of goods and services, and this is because the price and quantity produced are determined by market forces which include the demand and the supply. The control of prices by a firm or an organization in the market results in market failure, therefore OPEC leads to market failure due to its nature in the market.

OPEC was formed in 1960 by 5 oil-producing countries which include Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran and Iraq, The aim of this organization was to unify petroleum-producing countries in order to realize fair and stable prices of oil .other oil-pro...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

A Hydrograph of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel

...Storm Drainage Design Project: A Hydrograph Analysis of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel 0 Introduction River Cynon is geographically located in South Wales and stretches from Hirwaun to Abercynon as a major tributary of the River Taf. The river has a catchment area of 160 square kilometers. Rainfall and river stage is monitored at Station 57004 at Abercynon operated by the Environment Agency in Wales. The station is a Flat V weir, which serves as a velocity-area station for high flows. Gauging history revealed that this station is over-topped by extreme floods and receives effluent discharges from industrial areas within the catchment. The station is located at elevation 81.2 m (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH], 2005...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

The Effects of Financial Crisis on Supplier Selection Criteria of the Oil and Gas Industry Equipment Market

It is a difficult task to find those vendors who not only have the adequate quality and quantity of the needed raw materials but who also have an attitude of efficiency and display commitment to customer service (Sonmat, 2006). Further, organizations also strive to locate and select vendors who can be depended upon for long term relationship.

The number of factors or attributes desired from the vendor is vast, and different organizations and different industries place different importance on the attributes (Sonmat, 2006). Some of the vendor attributes may gain importance owing to the nature of the industry, for example, in the case of consumer perishables suppliers, like fresh vegetables or fruits, the buying firm would...
20 Pages(5000 words)Literature review

Impact on the Oil Market of a Series of Events

...In an essay format, analyse the impact on the oil market of: a. the ‘revolutions’ in the oil producing Arab countries, particularly in Libya, b. the emergence of Iraq as a major oil producing country, and c. the release of the IEA emergency stocks 1. Introduction Oil market is strongly depended on the economic and political conditions globally. Indeed, it has been proved that during periods of such crises the oil production and the oil prices are affected – more or less, in accordance with the position of the country involved as a global oil exporter. Current paper focuses on the impact on oil market of three particular events/ factors: the Libyan crisis, the emergence of Iraq as oil producing country and the release of the IEA emergency...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Americas Dependence on Oil

As stated by the Energy Information Administration, transportation fuels such as gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel account for 2/3 of the total usage of oil in the United States of America (Eccos, 2011). About 45% of the usage is accounted for by gasoline used for light trucks, SUVs and cars (Eccos, 2011).
Of the total amount of petroleum used in the United States, 65% is imported from countries such a Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia (Eccos, 2011). This simply means that even if the United States was to stop using the 45% of the oil used for vehicles there would still be a dependency on oil. In 2006, a total of 317.1 billion gallons were consumed with almost 70% going to transportation, 25% for...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Thematic Content of Ellisons Novels

... includes and also modifies in Juneteenth. Much of Juneteenth was created between the 1950s and the 1970s. A Christian, classical realists, Ellison tried to make Negro experiences admirable to the American people by situating it within the stroke of Western literature and the realities of American society (Booth 683). This grand mission ultimately called for two conflicting depictions of Negro life. This essay analyzes the thematic content of Ellison’s two most famous novels--Invisible Man and Juneteenth—and how these narratives reveal his true life and works. Invisible Man is a philosophical account of the American ‘color line’ (Morel 103). The Negroes of Ellison are strong and adaptable beings, if one remains tormented by racial...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

The Content of Childrens Programs and Advertisements

..., it was revealed that the advertisements had significant effects on the children, such as attracting them and altering their behaviour. The controversies emerged due to the fact that advertisements and programs just like all other aspects of the media could impact on children’s eating habits, inflict negative stereotyping, and mislead the potential buyers into buying their products. Additionally, the concern has been growing owing to the revelation that children not only receive advertisements and programs, but they also analyse, discern, and interact with them. In the light of these, the following research paper will analyse the content of children’s programs and advertisements, the potential effects they are expected to have on children...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Crude Oil Trading: Exxon Mobil Corporation

...ESSAY, OTHER FINAL PROJECT By: Table of contents INTRODUCTION Aims of the study................................................................................4 Problem statement................................................................................4 Hypothesis............................................................................................5 Background information of the corporation ........................................5 Stock performance charts from 2005 to 2015...................................6-11 The commodity................................................................................11-13 METHODOLOGY Research approach.............................................................................13-15...
23 Pages(5750 words)Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Kalamazoo River PCB content or Oil Spill for FREE!

Contact Us