StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Volcanoes and Global Cooling - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This essay talks about the connection between volcanic eruptions and the climate change which has become a global concern today. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the influence of volcanic eruption on global cooling and life on earth over a period of years. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
Volcanoes and Global Cooling
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Volcanoes and Global Cooling"

Download file to see previous pages The essay "Volcanoes and Global Cooling" talks about the climate changes, the effects of greenhouse gasses blamed for the global warming experienced in the world today. However, little attention has been given to the impacts of volcanic eruptions on climate change. Gray observed from the past volcanic reactions that the gaseous emissions released to the stratosphere particularly the sulfur dioxide can cause global cooling, which has the potential of impacting negatively on the climate. At the same time, the carbon dioxide released, being a greenhouse gas, also has the potential of enhancing global warming.
The impacts of volcanic erupt on climate change have triggered intense debate over the past few years, according to Self and Rampino. However, based on the past eruptions, scientists have discovered that the eruptions release gasses that later on causes global cooling. According to Self and Rampino, climatologists have discovered that the sulfur dioxide released from the eruptions is what is responsible for the global cooling. In the stratosphere, sulfur particles block the incoming radiation warming the stratosphere thereby reducing the amount of incoming radiation effectively cooling the troposphere. According to Self and Rampino, during powerful volcanic eruptions, sulfur dioxide is released into the stratosphere, where it is oxidized and mixed with water vapor to form sulfuric acid. The process, according to scientists takes about one month while the particles formed have a lifetime of up to three years. The sulfate aerosols formed prevents radiation from reaching the earth’s surface thereby resulting in global cooling. Self and Rampino note that past volcanic eruptions have lowered the earth’s average temperatures by up to half a degree for a period of up to one to three years (75). Benjamin Franklin is arguably the first scientist to notice the effects of volcanic eruptions on climatic change. According to Mass and Portman, Benjamin Franklin first noticed ‘dry fog’ in the summer of 1783 during his visit to Europe (566). Additionally, he observed during the winter that followed that Europe was abnormally cold. It is then that he suggested that the abnormally cold weather witnessed during the winter was the result of volcanic eruption. According to Mass and Portman, research conducted years later showed that the Laki Volcano in Iceland had indeed erupted in 1783 (566). Later on in 1816, Europe again experienced abnormally cold summer, when the year was nicknamed “Year without Summer” (Borowski par.3). Research conducted discovered that the cool summer was the result of a great eruption that occurred on the Mt. Tambora in Indonesia a year before (Borowski par.3). Additionally, in 1883, peculiar colors and halos were observed around the sun and moon accompanied with vibrant sunrises and sunsets. According to Mass and Portman, the occurrence was the result of the eruption of Krakatau volcano in Indonesia in July 1883 (567). Study showed that the eruption of Krakatau had other world consequences, which included the loss of about 20-30% of direct solar radiation for three consecutive years after the eruption. This resulted in a very prolonged cooling effect in most parts of Europe and Asia. The climatologists also noted the strong evidence of the volcanic eruptions on climate change following 1982’s strong eruption of El Chichon in Mexico (Mass and Portman 569). Like Krakatau, the eruption of El Chichon released large quantities of dust, carbon dioxide, ash, and sulfur dioxide into the stratospher ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Volcanoes and Global Cooling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Volcanoes and Global Cooling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/geography/1479201-volcanoes-and-global-cooling
(Volcanoes and Global Cooling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Volcanoes and Global Cooling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/geography/1479201-volcanoes-and-global-cooling.
“Volcanoes and Global Cooling Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/geography/1479201-volcanoes-and-global-cooling.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Volcanoes and Global Cooling

Global Values, Westernisation or Americanization in the Globalizing World

So, along with a country’s army, navy, air force, scientists, etc, soft power in the form of culture, media, trade, etc are being jointly used by nations to achieve an advantage. The wish to gain an advantage over other nations or even influence other nations and its people has turned out to be the main applications of soft power. Among the many soft powers, the one which the United States of America uses, that too effectively and also unethically (as viewed from certain quarters) is the Media. Actually, the word “soft power” was coined to denote mainly American connotations; it is used synonymously or interchangeably with “Americanization”. So, Americanization is being done using the soft power of Me...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

The Development of a Single Global Culture Will Benefit Humankind

Social relations show spatial transformation across the world, encompassing both the hazardous and beneficial effects of globalization (Held,2000) and are marked by the intensification of communication flows (Cochrane and Paine, 2004). Such flows as an increase in broadcast activities, satellite channels, Internet, telephony, people to people contact, migration, and proliferation of transnational companies are playing an important role in the development of a single global culture. There is an emergence of diasporic and shared cultural forms across the world that are aided by increasingly porous national boundaries.

According to Cochrane and Paine (2004), the lives of people in one part of the world are affected by even...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Global Environment Change

A number of fields are involved in the study of environmental change, such as chemistry, physics, biology, oceanography, etc. In this paper, some of the major global environmental changes will be studied and explored and implications will be provided for the sustainability of the global environment.

Responses to the global environmental challenges have become one of the heated debatable matters around the world, as a number of organizations, researchers, and nations are endeavoring to sustain the continuity of the global environment, where is harmed by different natural and manmade causes. In order to come up with an effective solution, it is very important to understand and go into the core of the global problem. In th...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Global Culture on Fast Track

Lifestyles are changing fast to invite international practices. Youths in large numbers are instrumental to change to live in a free environment. They are resisting ‘no change’ attitude and fighting for the new environment where they can express freely what think right to make a modern culture. The change is undergoing automatically and being accepted by most of the resistant quarters.

Globalization does not create a common culture, values, attitude or beliefs as mentioned above. It gives way to a single arena in which people of different cultures interact and present their values for comparisons, analysis, acceptance or rejection on certain standard yardsticks. This is the internationalist version of global...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Nationalism and National Identities in a Global World

Having said that, we need to understand that globalization is not just a phenomenon, it’s the science of human evolution and since man has for long held fast to this belief, there can be no reason as to why he should not comprehend the basis of the phenomenon of globalization. It is a paradigm shift or a movement as we might call it, one that brings more stability within the ranks and agreement in the efforts and activities of all concerned. More often than not, we have seen improvements within the present-day systems owing to globalization and it is because of this very perspective of change that we see world bodies doing their utmost to reach out to far-flung areas and explore hidden markets for the betterment of one and a...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Global Warming and Food Production

The carbon fertilization effect of increased carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere has an impact on plant growth, which benefits plant growth by facilitating photosynthesis, cannot balance the complex impact of increased temperatures around the world. Thus, although some regions will benefit from global warming, a total reduction in global agricultural production will result. This essay presents a discussion about the impact of global warming on agriculture and food production around the world.
Although the history of the planet earth suggests that for the last million years ice ages have been interspersed with warmer periods, evidence suggests that the average rate of global warming within the recent past has accele...
14 Pages (3500 words) Assignment

The Importance of Employee Empowerment in the Global World

Empowerment is the authority to make decisions within one’s area of operation without having to get approval; from anyone else. Here the operatives are encouraged to use their initiative to do things the way they like. To this end, the employees are given not just authority but resources as well so that they not only take decisions but implement them quickly. This empowerment means giving the employees the authority to make decisions and providing them with financial resources to implement these decisions (Koch & Godden, 1997 11).
Employee participation and empowerment participation means sharing the decision making power with the lower ranks of an organization in an appropriate manner (Lashley & McGoldrick, 199...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Global Challenges for Business Management and Leadership

This section aims at understanding the challenges faced by the United Nations due to political conflicts. In the summer of 2007, an issue in the Politically Speaking, the DPA had highlighted the increased focus on the conflict meditation. This report had also highlighted the interview with the Under-Secretary-General for political affairs. In the interview, he defended the UN against all the criticism and he also highlighted the need for finding political solutions for issues around the world. The interview also highlighted the importance of results to show the effective working of the UN. This interview also highlighted and urged critics to look at the positive along with the negatives of the UN. “The UN has knowledgeable a...
7 Pages (1750 words) Research Proposal

Global Employee Information and Consultation: Replicating the European Model

...Global Employee Information and Consultation: Replicating the European Model INTRODUCTION The only way for the employees and their representatives to reach the level of multinational corporations is to create an effective transnational mechanism that facilitates consultation and information disclosure. The European model (EWC) is an example of an institution that intends to provide employees voice in the transnational arena. The information dissemination and consultation arrangement enable employee representatives to participate in discussing issues that pertains to their employment. However, there is a need to analyze whether EU style of legislating a mechanism shall be effective if replicated globally. The answer in part depends...
9 Pages (2250 words) Coursework

Global Inequality

Dependency theories came in as a critique of this view and they stated that nations cannot grow and become developed, as there are two types of nations including those who are underdeveloped or developing and then there are those who are already developed. They state that developing nations cannot gain the status of developed nations because the developed nations are exploiting the underdeveloped nations. This assignment will focus on the reasons that the theorists of dependency theory and modernization theory provide for the existence of global inequality and the paper will further focus on the strengths and weaknesses associated with these theories.
According to the findings of Giddens, theorists who follow the dependency a...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Volcanoes and Global Cooling for FREE!

Contact Us