Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

United Nations Convention Against Corruption - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
United Nations convention against corruption was evolved in 2003. It has achieved many remarks on the efforts of international anti- corruption. UNCAC have offered a wide framework of dealing with corruption and have represented with the signatories of 140 states…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
United Nations Convention Against Corruption
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "United Nations Convention Against Corruption"

     “UNITED NATION CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION” (Your teacher’s due 1 Introduction United Nations convention against corruption was evolved in 2003. It has achieved many remarks on the efforts of international anti- corruption. UNCAC have offered a wide framework of dealing with corruption and have represented with the signatories of 140 states. This convention had laid standards for national policies and has enhanced International Corporation to identify all cross boarder crimes. All the countries that had rectified the convention helps each other to take preventive measures against corruption by providing technical assistance, financial resources, research and training. 1.2 Background This convention was endorsed by various countries, which was a great achievement. A whole negotiation process was considered in the UN office on the action on crimes and drugs prevention. All assets were recovered by the assistance provided by China. Diplomats helped to get an independent judiciary, transparent public procurement and civil services. Convention addresses all these things. Some of its provisions are strongly encouraged while others are optional. This convention led to an interesting development i.e. corruption was not just confined to text. It keeps on emerging with different actions; therefore it was decided to focus on all the acts that can lead to corruption. In this convention all negotiators agreed to be public servants (Langseth, 2003). 1.3 Provisions and measures United Nations convention against corruption include five areas i.e. criminalization, technical assistance, prevention, asset recovery and international cooperation. All state parties are obliged to follow anti corruption polices laid by this convention. However, many people have claimed that convention does not need any independent corruption commission (Schultz, 2007). Criminalization All states should take specific actions against commercialization which should include foreign and international affairs, bribery in a nation and misuse of public funds. Other crimes may include transfer of criminal money, hindrance of justice, misuse of other assets etc. Sanctions are issued to those people who are involved in corrupt actions. It also imputes that action should be taken against those individuals whose assets does not comply with their income such as a district officer lives in a mansion and have a Mercedes. This thing has provided an alert to advocates and lawyers, that these people are harming purity of the legal system. Many people have argued that they have a burden to show proof in relation to the doubts of such criminal acts. There is a lack in legal system to identify the accumulation of such wealth. Technical assistance Technical assistance mainly means providing support to countries in order to fulfill UNCAC’s requirements. This convention includes provision on information sharing, human resource, training and research. Training may include financial management of public, investigating methods to prevent corruption and methods to protect witness and victims in criminal cases. Therefore, all states should help each other in research and evaluation on the causes and cost of all corruption activities. This will help to solve these problems more efficiently rather than dealing with them alone. Prevention Parties of state are liable to implement appropriate measures to prevent corruption both in private and public sectors. This should include procedures of auditing, transparent procurement systems, involvement of civil society in various corruption measures, elimination of secret laws and independent judiciary systems. Asset recovery One of the most important principles of this convention is to recover stolen assets of the state and this is the reason that many states have signed this convention. Such as in Swiss courts there is a case on Sani Abaca, who possesses $5 billion funds of public; court is trying to recover that from him. If this fund is received, it can be used for the development of the country. Its provisions provide a framework in criminal and civil law, freezing, tracking, returning funds received through criminal activities. Therefore, requesting state will be able to receive all its assets unless it proves ownership on those assets. However, in some cases they are returned directly to the individuals to whom they belong. Various measures are used for asset recovery such as transparent accounting assist in investigating all illegal money transfers. International cooperation All states are liable to assist each other in various criminal acts, mostly the cases of cross border criminal acts. For instance one state can help the other in transferring and gathering information related to corruption. Only one have to identify the area in which assistance is needed i.e. either in seizure, search or arrest. Cooperation among all states mostly in criminal acts is obligatory. References Langseth. P. “United Nations Guide on Anti Corruption Policy.” Ed. Vienna Austri, 2003. Schultz, Jessica. The United Nations convention against corruption: A primer for development Practitioners. Anti corruption resource center, 2007. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“United Nations Convention Against Corruption Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(United Nations Convention Against Corruption Essay)
“United Nations Convention Against Corruption Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF United Nations Convention Against Corruption

The Significance of the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

The ratification of the Convention was momentous in that it called for the ‘establishment of diplomatic relations between states’ and for ‘permanent diplomatic missions to take place by mutual consent.”2 The foundation of these diplomatic relations hold considerable value as it cemented equitably and just principles that govern diplomatic relations and practice among states as the rules afforded in the convention lay down the obligations of the receiving states on matters regarding amenities, privileges and immunities accorded to envoys, diplomats, diplomatic representatives and their families, anticipates potential abuse by members of the mission or and how the receiving state can counter such abuse.
11 Pages (2750 words) Assignment

The Constitutions of the United States of America and the United Kingdom

The principal characteristic of a functioning democracy is the separation of powers. The concept of separation of powers is complex, although it may seem to be simple. This is because it consists of expressive and rigid components. The US Constitution represents the operational capability of the notion of separation of powers. It operates on three functions of the government. First, the executive implements legislation and supervises the administration over the state. Secondly, the legislature enacts the legislation and monitors the work of the executive and lastly, the judiciary interprets the legislations to apply land laws3.

The British Constitution is an unwritten constitution. Therefore, the limitations of the orga...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991

American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated th...
11 Pages (2750 words) Essay

The United Kingdom and World War I

It had shown its ability to survive a war and remained a powerful nation of the world (Hardie, Graham, and Kofman).
Almost all the nations in Europe had suffered economically due to the First World War. Most of the European nations were subjected to economic burdens imposed by the war. After the end of the war, the European governments had to make rehabilitation efforts, in respect of the cities destroyed in the war. In addition, they had to provide medical facilities to the soldiers who had been wounded in the war. These governments had to pay pensions to the soldiers, widows, and relatives of the dead soldiers. Moreover, they had to repay the public and foreign debts, and the interest on such debts. These constituted the ad...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

UN Convention on the Assignment of Receivables

The basic structures of the UN law for receivables have influenced domestic law reforms, regional projects of harmonization of law such as Directives of the European Community, and international projects of unification such as the Principles for International Commercial Contracts of 1994/2004, promulgated by the Institute for the Unification of Private Law in Rome.
It, most likely, is the uniform law convention with the greatest influence on the law of worldwide trans-border commerce, and in some countries, lawyers and courts are today as familiar with the Convention as they are with their domestic law - it is the lingua franca of sales.
Part of the success is or might be due to the simple requirements of the application...
14 Pages (3500 words) Assignment

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that:
“All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945).
Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
15 Pages (3750 words) Assignment

Gross Domestic Product and the Nations Competency in Terms of Economic Welfare

It is often used to compare the economic performance to aid as a prediction tool and to analyze the business cycles and the recessive and expansive economic performances within them. This further aid economic and fiscal policy formulation of the government and is also used to analyze the consumer behavior and the economic phenomena involved. (Heakal, R. 2008).These figures can be a benchmark to compare economies of different nations and the economic prediction process is also made possible.

A usual pattern of assessing the Gross Domestic Product is to have an initial GDP report on every quarter which is an advance report. Two corrective reports follow this before the final figures on GDP are arrived at. It usually takes...
7 Pages (1750 words) Report

Analysis of Offences Against the Person Act

She suffered sleeplessness and panic attacks after this and was diagnosed with reactive depression. She told her brother, Ian, who saw Boris in the local pub and threw his beer glass into Boris’s face. The glass broke and Boris lost the sight in one eye as a result. Explain what non-fatal offences may have been committed here. It is also necessary to consider the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as the act of the hypnotist could be regarded as a sexual1.

The most minor assault is common assault as described by s39 Criminal Justice Act 1988. Under s39 an assault is committed if a person assaults another or commits a battery. An assault has been defined as when a person intentionally or recklessly causes another to app...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

The United States Supreme Court

The Court, consisting of nine lifelong justices, bears complete authority over the Federal courts but has lesser power over those of the states. It has the power of “last word” on decisions made by these Federal courts and makes the rules that these courts have to follow in their procedures (Wagman, 1993). In addition, all Federal courts must abide by the decisions laid down by the Supreme Court, as well as the United States Constitution. With respect to state courts, the interpretations and decisions that the Supreme Court makes apply, but the Court is limited to interpreting and changing Federal laws, not state laws. Thus, the Supreme Court cannot change conditions of state constitutions or interpret laws made by ind...
10 Pages (2500 words) Coursework

Effects of the United States of America Troops in South Korea

Despite the few negative incidences of crime committed by the United States of America’s security troops that were deployed in the country on a peacekeeping mission.
Since the war in Korea began in the early nineteen fifties, the United States has stationed tens of thousands of soldiers, mostly the United States’ army personnel, in South Korea. Through the assistance of the South Korean troops and other neighboring governments, the American troops have been able to guard and offer maximum security to South Korean people. In line with the argument of James (2003), ‘most of the military bases in South Korea are relatively isolated’ thus the need for much attention from the troops so as to ensure maximum...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic United Nations Convention Against Corruption for FREE!

Contact Us