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The Role of Food - Its Production and/or Its Price in Determining Human Population Well-being - Essay Example

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Suburbanization and Urbanization is significantly affected by the population size and poverty levels. Food production and food prices play pivotal roles in the determination of the human population’s economic well-being…
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The Role of Food - Its Production and/or Its Price in Determining Human Population Well-being
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Download file to see previous pages Malthus, Smith and Marx’s understanding of the role of food-its production and/or its price in determining human population wellbeing.
Karl Marx, the father of Communism, insists factors that include landlordism, uncertainty in the land tenure system, unfavorable and high man –land ratio precipitate to the low food production. Low food production translates to lower population growth. Karl Marx stated that the population growth problem becomes glaring when the food production is not enough to feed the growing population (Patnaik 18).
As for Adam Smith, a Scottish lawyer and civil servant, food production (stock of the land) influences the population growth. The skill of the people to increase food production will influence the increase in the food supply. In turn, an increase in the food supply will translated to a corresponding increase in the population. Adam Smith was Thomas Malthus’ mentor. Adam Smith insists all animal species, including human beings, will generally multiply in relation to the food production. All animal species will not multiply more than the food supply; starvation from lack of food supply will trigger death from hunger and wars for the capture or ownership of the dwindling or lacking food supply (Smith 301). Further, Thomas Robert Malthus (Bonar 231), an English Scholar, theorized that the increase in population is influenced by the availability of food sources. The lack of food will decrease population in crease. On the other hand, the abundance in food sources will precipitate to a faster population growth. In terms of analysis, this very true; a person who is hungry from lack of food sources will lack the energy or drive to increase one’s offspring. In addition, the lack of food sources will trigger wars for the capture or ownership of scarce food production. The food wars will trigger death among the fighting population. In turn, population is drastically reduced by deaths on both sides of the warring parties. Each author’s account for the existence of poverty Karl Marx proposed poverty is triggered by the ills of capitalism. Under capitalism, the capitalists pay the labor a meager amount to produce food, services, and other outputs. The capitalist generate a huge amount of profits from the workers’ hard work. The workers will continue to be submerged by the poverty quagmire imposed by the Capitalists. The Capitalists hire machines to replace the workers. In turn, unemployment increases. As unemployment increases, the workers’ pay decreases since there are more supply of labor compared to the available jobs. Consequently, the workers continue to sink into the lake of poverty. In addition, Adam Smith emphasized that labor affects poverty. A person without a job is poor. All people try to avoid poverty by working hard to increase their wealth. The people do their best to avoid poverty because the poor are generally hungry, cold, sick, ignored by society, excluded, and shameful. People avoid being classified as poor because everyone wants attention, which the moneyed class has plenty of. Further, Thomas Malthus emphasized that all human population always contains a group classified as belonging to the poverty level. Society is normally divided between the poor and the not so poor segment. As population increase, the quantity of food supply ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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