quora
Free

Women and Gender - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The dearth of women in scientific careers continues despite attempts by educators and legislators alike to equalize this prevailing gender gap. Research still attempts to find a definitive empirical explanation for women’s absence from the sciences. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.6% of users find it useful
Women and Gender
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Women and Gender"

Reflection Paper: Women and Gender The dearth of women in scientific careers continues despite attempts by educators and legislators alike to equalize this prevailing gender gap. Research still attempts to find a definitive empirical explanation for women’s absence from the sciences. A recent column in the New York Times highlighted the findings of a Duke University study wherein the researchers reported that “our data clearly show that there are sex differences in cognitive abilities in the extreme right tail, with some favoring males and some favoring females...Thus, sex differences in abilities in the extreme right tail should not be dismissed as no longer part of the explanation for the dearth of women in math-intensive fields of science” (Tierney D1). However, as Jacob Blickenstaff explains, there is a “danger in continuing to emphasize biological differences between men and women, because the tendency is to then argue that if unalterable biological differences exist, then no action need be taken to improve the situation for women” (Blickenstaff 383). Women’s health issues include the psychological effects of discrimination. Gender bias in the sciences begins early, according to Blickenstaff, and involves a plethora of factors, including sex bias in textbooks, lack of attention paid to contributions by female scientists, gender bias in science teachers, the overt favoring of boys’ answers to questions in science classrooms and the “unapproachable and distant” demeanor of male science teachers (Blickenstaff 379). Blickenstaff also points to the possibility that “positivist objective rationality” itself is a masculine construct, and that in order for women to progress in the sciences, the scientific paradigm itself must be re-engineered (Blickenstaff 382). …political and social power affects the kind of questions that scientists ask and how scientists interpret the answers they obtain. If only one kind of person asks the questions and interprets the results, then the field of scientific inquiry will be narrow and inbred. Science can be improved by broadening the diversity of its practitioners across gender, ethnic and racial lines and science education can be improved by acknowledging the political nature of scientific enquiry (Blickenstaff 15). Erwin and Maurutto surveyed female university students pursuing a degree in the sciences and found that the gender bias in science affected women’s health in numerous ways. The researchers found “substantial evidence that social-psychological and chilly climate factors play a role” in the explanation for women’s attrition from the sciences (Erwin and Maurutto 65) The issue of balancing family with work occupied a large part of this research; Erwin and Maurutto found that “while most wanted their future partners to share equally in childcare responsibilities, they generally regarded this as unrealistic. Likewise, while they typically regarded day care as something that was bad for children, most felt they would have to use day care if they were going to pursue careers” (Erwin and Maurutto 56). Other findings that point to the psychological effect of gender bias on women’s health include the understanding that women are “not encouraged as much as guys, even here at this level [and] things that make you feel inferior because you're a woman. If I ask a lot of questions, then I'm regarded as stupid” (Erwin and Maurutto 59). Innate individual confidence aside, many women in Erwin and Maurutto’s study worried about appearing less intelligent in science classes. Over time, the lack of female role models, lack of female science teachers and continued absence of women from the upper strata of science education exacerbate these feelings of low self worth, and women switch to careers where their contribution and presence feels more welcome. The important findings in Erwin and Maurutto’s research point to the fact that the “experiences and understandings of marginalisation and inequitable treatment are complex and contradictory. Even when sexism is described and identified, for example, there is a tendency to discount its impact on experience or performance. Such disavowals need to be considered within the broad context of these women's experiences as female science students. They enter undergraduate education both as gendered subjects and with understandings that are gendered. These are not misunderstandings…they reflect the social realities of their experience” (Erwin and Maurutto 60). Whether science student, homemaker, librarian or astronaut, women are first and foremost women; they wear gender as the mantle of their role and their identity. Gender is how they perceive the world, and how the world perceives them, and often gender conflicts sharply with goals, particularly the goal to have a successful career and family at the same time. Women expect to carry the brunt of childcare duties, even in this day and age, and many expect that their career aspirations will be tempered by the needs of motherhood. The psychological effect of gender bias on women’s health demonstrates that women slowly lose faith in their own abilities, especially in the sciences, and resign themselves to tried and true gender roles, simply because it’s easier. Research also continues to miss a large and rather obvious point: the fact that women pursue science careers at all still draws attention. The mere presence of women in science still translates as unnatural, somehow, as opposed to women’s presence in other industries such as business or education, where they are expected to exist. Science still greets women with surprise and suspicion, and the implicit message that they do not belong. Until the science industry accepts women as a natural element rather than an anomaly – until women are “scientists” and not “female scientists” – the gender gap will likely persist. Works Cited Blickenstaff, Jacob Clark. “Women and Science Careers: Leaky Pipeline or Gender Filter?” Gender and Education 17.4 (2005): 369–386. Web. Erwin, Lorna and Paula Maurutto. “Beyond Access: Considering Gender Deficits in Science Education.” Gender and Education 10.1 (1998): 51–69. Web. Stripped Women in Science. “Male Scientists in History.” Cartoon. Stripped Women in Science. 23 February 2011. Web. Tierney, John. “Daring to Discuss Women in Science.” New York Times 7 June 2010: D1. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Women and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1429768-women-and-gender
(Women and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1429768-women-and-gender.
“Women and Gender Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1429768-women-and-gender.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
mb
mbeatty added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Precise work done on the %topic%. I think it is the best research paper I have seen so far.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Men & Women & Gender Oppression:
The society has put a lot of pressure on women, providing unattainable expectations of how women should look and behave just by virtue of being women. This gender oppression has taken a huge toll on women whom struggle to achieve this ‘ideal beauty’ that the society imposes on them.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Women and Gender in Islam
Another thing that can come into play when analyzing text can have a lot to do with the culture in which the text was formulated towards. Western society generally can find an interested in that which happens to Eastern populations, but have more of an intimate connection towards the issues that more directly impact their own individual way of life.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Gender and Violence Against Women
The researcher of this essay focuses on the problem of domestic violence among ethnic minority women, that happens to be the most aggressive because it takes place behind the closed doors and most of the time women conceal such instances. Shelters, refuges, physicians and laws are the last hopes of women willing to run away or end the violence.
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Women and gender/SAUDI ARABIA LIT REVIEW
Women and Gender: Saudi Arabia Introduction The subject of woman and gender in society has always been of interest to scholars but it attained prominence in the twentieth century when women in western countries organized protests and initiated debates in order to obtain equal rights with men.
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review
Gender Stratification and Women in Developing Countries
All over the world, less value has been placed on women’s lives, and they are treated less equally. This has led to gender discrimination within the household, community, state and in the labor market. In the household gender, discrimination can lead to son preference expressed in female feticide or selective sex abortion.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The Impact of Globalization on Economic Injustices towards Women

According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that globalization perspectives have also influenced the globalizing economy and economic injustices towards women. Globalization can be analyzed as a chronological, gendered and complicated process that worked in male sex in the past as they used it in crosscutting power dynamics hence promoting discrimination towards women.

3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Gender Empowerment: The Social Role of Women
The main character of “My Year of Meats” presented an ideal woman of today who never forget her culture: strong-willed, independent, educated and has freedom to do things she prefer. The author describes the ability to pass on her husband’s genes and name to their child as a great achievement and a source of pride.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Connection between gender roles and violence against women
The author sheds a level of understanding upon the correlation and causation that gender roles have with regards to violence against women and discusses the means by which gender roles have been unmistakable and remarkable staying power; regardless of the fact that society is challenged many other norms that exist within it successfully.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Women Gender studies
These activities involve dressing, combing my hair and most importantly, bodybuilding exercises such as running on a treadmill. These sets of activities take the biggest percentage of my preparation time because I have to look
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Women in the Bible and Their Gender Roles
Women in the Bible and their Gender Roles. Introduction In a bid to provide a deeper understanding of women in the Bible and their gender roles, the following discussion revolves around works and writings of different scholars. Sexuality is an important aspect of human life.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Women and Gender for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us