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Research Proposal - Dissertation Example

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Background: The world’s most common source of energy, the fossil fuels, is fast getting used up. The problem with fossil fuels is that they aren’t renewable; once consumed, you have to dig up more, and consume that as well. Right now, we have reached a point where we are fast ridding our world of its fossil fuel resources…
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Download file to see previous pages Solar energy, if harnessed to its fullest, can provide the whole world with more than enough energy for a year, in just a single day. Science and technology is still far from that point. Solar energy harnessing with today’s inventions is still expensive and inefficient, making this a very exploitable research field, with the promise of a better world. Solar energy will soon come out as a multibillion dollar industry, and only those nations will prosper through it, which spend time, efforts and money in this field today. Solar energy harnessing through photovoltaic cells is a very promising field. To enhance the efficiency, increasingly thin films are being prepared. PVs are made out of doped semiconducting materials, which have relatively high resistivity as compared to common good conductors. Thus, photovoltaic cells are coated with conducting materials on their surface. These are thin films themselves, whose sole purpose is to behave as a conducting medium. The coatings are done over the photovoltaic layers, such that they are present between the light source and the photovoltaic layer. This means that the coatings have to be highly transparent for light transmission as well. The materials employed for this purpose are termed as Transparent Conducting Oxides, which are nothing but doped oxides that have very high conductivity and transmission. TCOs may have a variety of functions, such as transparent electrical contacts, antireflection coatings and chemical barriers, in photovoltaic films (Perkins et. al. 20051). It is to be noted that the energy band gap theory suggests that transparency of a material is closely related to the electrical behavior of a material, more specifically its resistivity. Transparency of a material is higher if the band gap between the valence and conduction band is high. If the band gap is high, the resistivity is high too. Thus it is difficult to have both high transparency and low resistivity together. To achieve this, doping is done in selected semiconductors, which can modify their properties to give us transparent layers with high conduction (Nave, 20102). A lot of research has been done in this field for over 50 years now and every project has led to the opening of a new chapter rather than closing out different chapters in the research. This is suggestive of the prospects of research in this field. The most important property of TCOs is their conductivity, and a lot of research has been done on that (Minami, 20003; Lewis and Paine, 20004) on aluminum doped zinc oxide, tin doped indium oxide, lead oxides, cadmium oxides, and their combinational oxides. These researches have indicated that there exists potential for engineered transparent conducting oxides to be formed with tailored properties (Freeman et. al. 20015). Transparency and light trapping has also been studied in detail in these papers. The main emphasis of the researches is to study composition-property behaviors. Some endeavors have also been made for synthesis and characterization of these thin films (Banarjee et. al. 20036; Coutts and Young, 20007; Gurumurugan et. al. 19948; Freeman et. al. 2001). Researchers have also used surface characterization techniques to study how electrical, chemical and transparency properties of TCOs depend on the surface layer. The electronic/defect structure of the surface layers has a huge impact on the electrical properties of the layer ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Research proposal
The traditions of a country influence the option of its accounting techniques and the penetration of its different accounting evolutions (Belkaoui and Picur, 1991). In contrast, countries have distinguished their own accounting criterion that has tended to mirror their own precise environments (Evan and Taylor, 1982).
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation
Masters Research Proposal Assignment
Anticipated timeline 16 Title: Motivation in the workplace: employee perceptions. 1. Background Within the realm of economics, the notion that employer incentives or rewards based on employee performance and effort are a major means of obtaining and ensuring staff motivation and output, is widespread and unbridled.
14 Pages(3500 words)Dissertation
Research proposal
Some empirical research provides evidence in support of such an assumption (Jenkins, Mitra, Gupta & Shaw, 1998; Brown and Heywood, 2002), others however, within the realms of psychology indicate that incentives can in fact have adverse effects on performance (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Deci, Koestner & Ryan, 1999; Ryan & Deci, 2000; Deci & Ryan 2003).
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation
Research proposal
As a consequence, the globalisation commitment entered into by countries in multilateral agreements was met with slow progress and considerable suspicion by political and civic groups. Businessmen were quick to see the advantages, however, of gaining access to new markets opening up across borders.
13 Pages(3250 words)Dissertation
Research Proposal Assignment
In order to prevent this, societies develop laws as well agencies which enforce them. Those who break the law are said to have committed a crime and are punished by law enforcement agencies. However, while these agencies are traditionally linked with catching the criminals after the crime, they are also tasked with prevention crimes before they happen (Dressler, 2002).
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation
Research Proposal(accounting/finance )
It is likelihood in the future and its effects/impact will depend on the level of preparedness of governments and institutions. The level of preparedness will be guided by the kid of information an institution has or is available. To this end, the level of preparedness and the impacts of the various strategies/policies in use is not available.
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation
Research Proposal
Such factors shall pertain to either firm specific or country specific resources and attributes which exert an influence over the eventual choice of a mode of entry of a multinational firm into the host country. During the third quarter of the twentieth century, globalisation was considered a largely political issue, with implications concerning foreign dominance and power wielded by rich, developed nations over the developing and underdeveloped Third World countries.
14 Pages(3500 words)Dissertation
Research Proposal Research Proposal
Since corporate governance has to do with setting priorities, delegating power and organizing accountability, it receives high priority on the agenda of policymakers, institutional investors, companies and academics. Recent American and European corporate scandals (Enron, WorldCom, Ahold, etc.) set off a fresh round of debate.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Proposal
Research proposal
When one is travelling, he/she meets people not of his/her language and the need for effective communication if required. When one is doing a research work, the knowledge of another language is key for reliable and valid results. At times also one is forced to have the knowledge of another language after a change of culture, religion or when one wants to understand how others think.
12 Pages(3000 words)Dissertation
Research proposal
Outsourcing has been defined to pertain to a company’s transfer of its operations offshore which enable them to cut down the costs of their operations (Doye 2005). Notwithstanding this particular scenario, outsourced companies continue to adopt measures by which they ensure that the products and services that they offer to their customers retain their quality (Doye 2005).
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation
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